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Full text of "The University of North Carolina Catalogue"

THE UNIVERSITY 



OF 



NORTH CAROLINA 



CATALOGUE 

1899-1900 

CHAPEL HILL 

PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY 

1900 



THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

CHAPEL HILL 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Calendar 6 

The University 7-19 

Foundation and Government 7, 8 

Location — 9 

Degrees 10 

Students not Candidates for a Degree 10 

Graduate Students 10 

Physical Culture 11 

General Culture _ 11 

Religious Culture — _ _ 11 

Discipline 11 

Medical Attention 11 

Trustees 12-14 

Officers and Members of the Board 12-14 

Standing Committees of the Trustees 14 

Faculty and Other Officers ~_ 15-19 

Professors, Instructors and Officers — 15-18 

Standing Committees of the Faculty 18, 19 

The College _ „ 21-62 

Requirements for Admission 20-23 

Admission into the Freshman Class 20-22 

Admission to Advanced Standing „ 22, 23 

Admission of Optional Students - 23 

Courses Leading to Degrees 24-26 

Courses for Students not Candidates for a Degree 27 

Courses of Instruction 26-45 

Graduate Students 46-48 

Admission 46 



4 CONTENTS 

Degrees- _ _ 46-48 

Admission of Women „ 48 

Pecuniary Aid and Expenses _ 49-54 

Medals and Prizes 49,50 

Scholarships - _ 50, 51 

Free Tuition _ 51 

Loan Funds- _... 52 

Expenses 52, 53 

Labor and Self Help 53 

Dormitory Accommodations- _ _ 64 

Regulations Regarding Students 55-62 

Registration and Assignment of Rooms 55 

Standi ng _. 56 

Absences 57 , 58 

Examinations _. _ 58-60 

Athletics _ _ 60, 61 

Fraternities _ _ 61 

Graduation _ 61, 62 

Conduct _ — _.. 62 

The Law School — _ 63-67 

Faculty — 63 

Courses of Instruction 63, 64 

The Degree of LL.B ' _ 65 

Moot Court — _ 65, 69 

Expenses 66 

Admission and Registration _ 66, 67 

Summer School- 67 

The Medical School _ _ 68-73 

Faculty - - 68 

Courses of Instruction _ 68-72 

Requirements for Matriculation- 72 

Pecuniary Aid „ - 73 

Expenses - - 73 

Admission and Registration- 73 

The School op Pharmacy- 74-76 

Courses of Instruction 74-76 



CONTENTS 5 

Laboratories' _ _ _ 76 

Expenses — 76 

Admission and Registration _ 76 

Students ___ 77-95 

The College _ ___ ___ 77-88 

The Law School „ 88-91 

The Medical School 91, 92 

The School of Pharmacy 92, 93 

Summary ,— 93-95 

The Summer School 96-104 

Faculty 96 

Courses of Instruction _ 97, 98 

Expenses _ 99 

Admission and Registration _ 99 

Students 100-104 

The University Library _ 105-107 

Laboratories and Museums— _ ____ 108-112 

The Physical Laboratory _ 108 

The Chemical Laboratory 108, 109 

The Biological Laboratory 110 

The Geological Laboratory _ __110, 111 

The Gymnasium- „ _ 112 

The University Organizations _ _ 113-116 

The Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies 113 

The Philological Club 114 

The Shakespere Club _ 114 

The North Carolina Historical Society „ 114, 115 

The Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 115, 116 

The Young Men's Christian Association „_ 116 

One Hundred and Fourth Commencement _ 117-119 

Speakers _ - ~ — _ 117 

Degrees _-_ — 117,119 

Certificates _ _ 119 

Medals and Prizes — 119 

Summary __. 120 

Alumni Association 121 

Index 122, 123 



CALENDAR 



1900. 

September 10-15. Monday to Saturday. Examinations for the 

Removal of Conditions. 
September 12, 13, 14-. Wednesday, Thursday, Friday. Examinations 

for Admission into the College. 
September 13, 14, 15. Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Registration. 
September 15. Saturday. Assignment of Rooms. 

September 17. Monday. Lectures begin. 

October 12. Friday. University Day. 

October 12. Friday. President's Reception. 

November 29. Thursday. Thanksgiving Day. 

Christmas. Recess from December 23, 1900, to January 2, 1901, 

inclusive. 

1901. 

January 3, 4, 5. Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Registration. 

January 3. Thursday. Assignment of Rooms. 

February 22. Washington's Birthday. 

June 2. Sunday. Baccalaureate Sermon. 

June 3. Monday. Debate by Representatives from 

the Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary 

Societies. 
June 4- Tuesday. Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

June 4- Tuesday. Anniversary of the Alumni. 

June 4- Tuesday. Senior Class Day. 

June 4- Tuesday. Senior Speaking. 

June 5. Wednesday. Commencement. 

Summer Vacation from Commencement to the Second Thursday 
in September. 



THE UNIVERSITY. 



Foundation and Government. The University was estab- 
lished in obedience to the first Constitution of the State, which 
was adopted in December, 1776. A clause of Section XLT. de- 
clared that "all useful learning shall be duly encouraged, and 
promoted in one or more universities."' The Charter was granted 
by the General Assembly in 1789, the corner stone of the Old East 
Building was laid in 1793 and the University was opened in 1795. 

The title, preamble, and first section of the Act of incorporation 
are as follow s : — 

An Act to establish a University in this State: 

"Whereas in all well regulated Governments, it is the indis- 
pensable Duty of every Legislature to consult the Happiness of a 
rising Generation, and endeavor to fit them for an honourable 
Discharge of the social Duties of Life, by paying the strictest 
Attention to their Education : And whereas an University sup- 
ported by permanent Funds, and well endowed, would have the 
most direct Tendency to answer the above Purpose : 

"I. Beit therefore enacted by the General Assembly of the State of 
North- Carolina, and it is liereby enacted by the Authority of the same. 
That Samuel Johnston, James Iredell, Charles Johnson, Hugh Wil- 
liamson, Stephen Cabarrus, Richard Dobbs Spaight, William Blount, 
Benjamin Williams, John Sitgreaves, Frederick Hargett, Robert 
Snead, Archibald Maclaine, Honourable Samuel Ashe, Robert Dixon, 
Benjamin Smith, Honourable Samuel Spencer, John Hay. James 
Hogg, Henry William Harrington, William Barry Grove, Reverend 
Samuel M'Corkle, Adlai Osborne, John Stokes, John Hamilton, Joseph 
Graham, Honourable John Williams, Thomas Person, Alfred Moore, 
Alexander Mebane, Joel Lane, Willie Jones, Benjamin Hawkins, John 
Haywood, senior, John Macon, William Richardson Davie, Joseph 
Dixon, William Lenoir, Joseph M'Dmoell, James Holland and Wil- 
liam Porter, Esquires, shall be and they are hereby declared to be 



8 THE UNIVERSITY 

a Body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by 
the name of The Trustees of the University of North Carolina ;* and 
by that Name shall have perpetual Succession, and a common 
Seal; and that they the Trustees and their Successors, by the 
Name aforesaid, or a Majority of them, shall be able and capable 
in Law to take, demand, receive and possess all Monies, Goods and 
Chattels that shall be given them for the Use of the said Univer- 
sity, and the same apply according to the Will of the Donors, and 
by Gift, Purchase or Devise to take, have, receive, possess, enjoy 
and retain to them and their Successors forever, any Lands, Rents, 
Tenements and Hereditaments, of what Kind, Nature or Quality 
soever the same may be, in special Trust and Confidence that the 
same or the Profits thereof shall be applied to and for the Use and 
Purpose of establishing- and endowing the said University. "f 

The University is governed by a Board of Trustees elected by 
the Legislature, and is free from sectional, sectarian, or political 
control. The Governor of the State is ex-officio President of the 
Board of Trustees. 

Article IX. of the Constitution of 1876 contains the following 
provisions regarding the University : — 

"Sec. 6. The General Assembly shall have power to provide 
for the election of Trustees of the University of North Carolina, 
in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, rights, 
franchises and endowments thereof, in anywise granted to or con- 
ferred upon the Trustees of said University ; and the General As- 
sembly may make such provisions, laws and regulations from time 
to time, as may be necessary and expedient for the maintenance 
and management of said University. 

"Sec. 7. The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits 
of the University, as far as practicable, be extended to the youth 
of the State free of expense for tuition ; also that all the property 
which has heretofore accrued to the State, or shall hereafter ac- 
crue, from escheats, unclaimed dividends, or distributive shares of 
the estates of deceased persons, shall be appropriated to the use of 
the University." • 

The corporate name has been changed to The University of North Carolina. 
tLaws of the State of North Carolina, published by James Iredell, Edenton. 
MDCCXCI. 



EQUIPMENT 9 

LOCATION. The seat of the University is Chapel Hill, Orange 
County, twenty-eight miles northwest of Raleigh. Two daily pas- 
senger trains run between Chapel Hill and University Junction, a 
station on the North Carolina Railroad. The site for the institu- 
tion was selected because of its healthfulness, its freedom from 
malaria, its supply of pure water, its beautiful scenery and its 
central position in the State. 

Equipment. The University campus contains forty-eight acres 
of land, affording ample ground for buildings and for all sorts of 
athletic sports. The University owns, contiguous to the campus, 
five hundred acres of forest land, which is partly laid off into 
walks and drives. The University has fifteen buildings. 

The South Building contains the college offices, three lecture 
rooms, the Physical Laboratory and twenty-six dormitories. 

The Old East Building contains two lecture rooms and twenty- 
eight dormitories. 

The Old West Building contains four lecture rooms, the Historical 
Museum and twenty-five dormitories. 

Person Hall contains the Chemical Laboratory and Museum and 
a lecture room. 

Gerrard Hall is used for morning prayers, for the meetings of 
the Young Men's Christian Association and for public lectures. 

Smith Hall contains the College Library and the Reading room. 
The basement is fitted with bathrooms and lavatories. 

The New West Building contains the Dialectic Literary Society's 
[fall, the Pharmaceutical Laboratory, a lecture room and thirteen 
dormitories. 

The Netv Hast Building contains the Philanthropic Literary So- 
ciety's Hall, the Biological Laboratory and Museum, the Geologi- 
cal Laboratory and Museurn, the offices of the North Carolina 
Geological Survey, three lecture rooms and three dormitories. 

Memoricd Hall commemorates the illusti'ious dead of the Univer- 
sity. It is used during the session as a gymnasium, and at Com- 
mencement for public exercises. 

The Alumni Hall, for administrative offices and lecture rooms, is 
now under construction. 



10 THE UNIVERSITY 

The Carr Building, the gift of Col. J. S. Carr, will contain forty- 
two dormitories fitted with every modern convenience. 

The Dissecting Hall, for the use of the Medical School, is apart 
from the other buildings. 

T)ie Infirmary contains five rooms which are properly furnished 
for the care and treatment of the sick. 

Commons is the dining hall of the University. The whole enter- 
prise was made possible through the beneficence of Mrs. Fred- 
eric Baker of New York. Board is furnished at eight dollars 
a month. Students wait upon the tables. 

The Power House contains the University Electric Plant. 

College Year. The College year begins on the second 
Thursday in September. Commencement is held on the Wednes- 
day before the first Thursday in June. The summer vacation be- 
gins at Commencement, and ends on the Wednesday before the 
second Thursday in September. There is a Christmas recess of 
about ten days. The twelfth of October (University Day), Thanks- 
giving Day, and the twenty-second of February, (Washington's 
Birthday) are holidays. 

Degrees. The degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Phil- 
osophy, Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, Master of Philosophy, 
Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, Bachelor of Laws, and 
Graduate in Pharmacy are conferred by the vote of the Trustees, 
after the recommendation of the Faculty, upon candidates who 
have satisfied the requirements of residence and study at the Uni- 
versity. 

Students not Candidates for a Degree. Students who 
are not candidates for a degree may elect any studies they wish, 
devoting their time entirely to one or two subjects, or selecting 
groups of such subjects as suit their tastes and purposes. • Several 
groups of studies have been arranged for the benefit of students 
desiring brief preparation for teaching, or for the study of law or 
medicine. 

Graduate Students. Free instruction is ottered in the Col- 
lege to graduates of colleges and Universities. Women are now 
admitted to the higher courses of the University. 



JIBDICAL ATTENTION 11 

Physical, Culture. Hearty encouragement is given to ath- 
letic sports and to all kinds of physical culture. The athletic field 
furnishes ample facilities for football and baseball. The Lake 
Track is admirably adapted for running', bicycling- and general 
track athletics. Fifteen tennis courts are located on the cam- 
pus. 

Systematic exercise in Memorial Hall under a skilled instructor 
is required of all students in the College, except Seniors. The 
University recognizes the training and intelligent care of the body 
as essential to intellectual power and culture. 

General Culture. The University endeavors to furnish such 
general culture outside the lecture rooms and laboratories as will 
broaden the minds and sympathies of young men. 

Religtous Culture. Prayers are conducted in Gerrard Hall, 
with the reading of the Scriptures, and singing every week-day 
morning at 8:30 o'clock. Attendance at this service is required of 
all members of the College, unless specially excused. 

Bible classes for young men are taught in each of the four 
churches of the village every Sunday. Religious exercises are 
held twice a week, or oftener, in each church. 

A series of sermons is delivered annually by the University 
Preachers, chosen by the Trustees from the various denomina- 
tions. During their periods of residence, also the religious life of 
the University is directed and strengthened by daily conference 
with the students. 

Bible lectures are delivered every Sunday morning in Gerrard 
Hall. 

The Young Men's Christian Association meets twice a week, in 
Gerrard Hall, for prayer, and other services. 

Discipline. The University endeavors to make young men 
manly and self-reliant, and to develop character by educating the 
conscience. The Faculty may, at their discretion, admonish, sus- 
pend or dismiss students for neglect of duty or for misconduct. 

Medical Attendance. On the payment of a small annual fee, 
each student z*eceives the careful attention of the University Phy- 
sician, Dr. Richard Henry Whitehead. In this way the best med- 
ical advice is to be had at the least cost. 



TRUSTEES. 



DANIEL LINDSAY RUSSELL, Governor, President ex officio 
of the Board of Trustees. 

RICHARD HENRY BATTLE, Secretary and Treasurer. 

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD. 

1901.* 

ALEXANDER BOYD ANDREWS, Wake. 

JACOB BATTLE, Nash. 

RICHARD HENRY BATTLE, LL.D., Wake. 

JOSEPH PEARSON CALDWELL, Mecklenburg. 

JULIAN SHAKESPEARE CARR, Durham. 

WILLIAM HENRY DAY, Halifax. 

WARREN GRICE ELLIOTT, New Hanover. 

HENRY ELIAS PAISON, Sampson. 

AUGUSTUS WASHINGTON GRAHAM, Granville. 

ALFRED WILLIAMS HAYWOOD, Alamance. 

EDMUND JONES, Caldwell. 

THOMAS ALEXANDER MCNEILL. Robeson. 

THOMAS WILLIAMS MASON, Northampton. 

PAUL BARRINGER MEANS, Cabarrus. 

LEE S. OVERMAN, Rowan. 

JAMES PARKER, Gates. 

THOMAS BUCKNER PIERCE, Duplin. 

LOUIS JULIEN PICOT, M.D., Halifax. 

JOHN ANDREW RAMSAY, Rowan. 

JAMES SPRUNT, New Hanover. 

1903. 

ABNER ALEXANDER, M.D., Tyrrell. 
*The legal term of office expires November 30 oi' the year indicated. 



TRUSTEES 



13 



CHRISTOPHER THOMAS BAILEY, Wake. 

EDMOND SPENCER BLACKBURN, Ashe. 

JAMES EDMUNDS BOYD, Guilford. 
WILLIAM HYSLOP SUMNER BURGWYN, Vance. 

CHARLES ALSTON COOK, Warren. 

JOHN WASHINGTON GRAHAM, Orange. 

JOHN THOMAS HOGAN, Orange. 

JOHN T. B. HOOVER, Wilson. 

THOMAS JEFFERSON JEROME, Union. 

JAMES BARLOW LLOYD, Edgecombe. 

THOMAS FRANKLIN LLOYD, Orange. 

JAMES MONTRAVILLE MOODY, Haywood. 

ROBERT BRUCE PEEBLES, Northampton. 

JAMES BION SCHULKEN, Columbus. 

HARRY SKINNER, Pitt. 

ZEBULON BAIRD WALSER, Davidson. 

ELIHU ANTHONY WHITE, Perquimans. 

STEPHEN OTHO WILSON, Wake. 

FRANCIS DONNELL WINSTON, Bertie. 



1905. 

GEORGE EDWIN BUTLER, Sampson. 

WILLIAM HOBBS CHADBOURN, New Hanover. 

BEN FRANKLIN DIXON, M.D., Cleveland. 

CLAUDIUS DOCKERY, Richmond. 

RUFUS ALEXANDER DOUGHTON, Alleghany. 

HIRAM L. GRANT, Wayne. 

STEPHEN PORTER GRAVES, Surry. 

ROBERT TERELIUS GRAY, Wake. 

F. W. HANCOCK, Granville. 

THOMAS BERNARD KEOGH, Guilford. 

VIRGIL STUART LUSK, Buncombe. 

WILLIAM THOMAS McCARTHY, < 'raven. 

EDWARD HUGHES MEADOWS, Craven. 

BENJAMIN SIDNEY MITCHELL, Frankin. 

NATHAN ALEXANDER RAMSEY, Durham. 



14 



THE UNIVERSITY 



WALLACE W. ROLLINS, 
ALFRED MOORE SCALES, 
FRANK SHEPHERD SPRUILL, 
DAVID ALEXANDER WHITE, 

1907. 

kemp plummer battle, ll.d., 
fabius haywood busbee, 
bennehan cameron, 
charles n. cooke, 
john william fries, 
Robert Mcknight furman, 
william anderson guthrie, 
edward joseph hale, 
thomas stephen kenan, 
richard henry lewis, m.d., 
james alexander lockhart, 
james smith manning, 
james djxon murphy, 
jesse lindsay patterson, 
frederick philips, 
james augustus roebling, 
charles manly stedman, 
*henry clay wall, 
henry weil, 
william thornton whitsett, 



Buncombe. 
Guilford. 
Franklin. 
Alamance. 



Orange. 

Wake. 

Durham. 

Franklin. 

Forsyth. 

Wake. 

Durham. 

Cumberland. 

Wake. 

Wake. 

Anson. 

Durham. 

Buncombe. 

Forsyth. 

Edgecombe. 

Buncombe. 

Guilford. 

Richmond. 

Wayne. 

Guilford. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE TRUSTEES. 

Executive Committee. 
Governor Daniel Lindsay Russell, Chairman. 



Alexander B. Andrews, 
Richard H. Battle. 
Fabius H. Busbee, 
Julian S. Carr, 
John W. Graham, 

Committee of Visitation. 

William H. Day, Chairman. 

William A. Guthrie, Charles McNamee. 

^Deceased. 



Thomas S. Kenan, 
Richard H. Lewis, 
Frederick Philips, 
Virgil S. Lusk, 
Zebulon B. Walser. 



FACULTY AND OTHER OFFICERS. 



EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., LL.D., 

PRESIDENT, 
Professor of Political and Social Science. 

KEMP PLUMMER BATTLE, LL.D., 
Alumni Professor of History. 

FRANCIS PRESTON VENABLE, Ph.D., 
Smith Professor of General and Analytical Chemistry. 

JOSEPH AUSTIN HOLMES, S.B., 
State Geologist, Lecturer on the Geology of North Carolina. 

JOSHUA WALKER GORE, C.E., 
Professor of Physics. 

THOMAS HUME, D.D., LL.D., 
Professor of the English Language and Literature. 

WALTER DALLAM TOY, M.A.. 
Professor of Modern Languages, and Secretary of the Faculty. 

EBEN ALEXANDER, Ph.D., LL.D., 
Professor of the Greek Language an 1 Literature, and Supervisor of the Library. 

WILLIAM CAIN, C.E., 
Professor of Mathematics. 

RICHARD HENRY WHITEHEAD, A.B., M. D., 
Professor of Anatomy. 

HENRY HORACE WILLIAMS, A.M., B.D., 
Professor of Philosophy. 



16 THE UNIVERSITY 

HENRY Van PETERS WILSON. Ph.D.. 
Professor of Biology. 

COLLIER COBB, A.M., 
Professor of Geology and Mineralogy. 

CHARLES STAPLES MANGUM, A.B., M.D., 
Professor of Physiology and Materia Medica. 

^ EDWARD VERNON HOWELL, A.B., Ph.G., 
Professor of Pharmacy. 

MARCUS CICERO STEPHENS NOBLE, 
Professor of Pedagogy. 

HENRY PARRAR LINSCOTT, Ph.D., 
Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. 

JAMES CAMERON MacRAE, LL.D.. 
Professor of Law. 

CHARLES BASKERVTLLE, Ph.D.. 
Associate Professor of Chemistry. 

JAMES CRAWFORD BIGGS, Ph.B.. 
Associate Professor of Law. 

SAMUEL MAY, A.B., 
Instructor in Modern Languages. 

WILLIAM CUNNINGHAM SMITH, Ph.B.. 
Instructor in English. 

ARCHIBALD HENDERSON. A.M.. 
Instructor in Mathematics. 

JAMES WILLIAM CALDER, 
instructor in Physical Culture. 



FACULTY AND OTHER OFFICERS 17 

GEORGE McFARLAND McKIE, 
Instructor in Expression. 

THOMAS CLARKE, Ph.D., 
Instructor in Chemistry. 

THOMAS JAMES WILSON, JR., Ph.D,, 
Instructor in Greek and Latin. 

PALMER COBB, ^ 

Assistant in Modern Languages. 

__ GEORGE NELSON COFFEY, 
Assistant in Geology. 

JAMES EDWARD LATTA, Ph.B., 
Assistant in Physics. 

* WILLIAM DeBERNIERRE McNIDER. 
Assistant in Biology. 

, CLARENCE ALBERT SHORE, 
Assistant in Biology. - 

DORM AN STEELE THOMPSON, 
Assistant in Biology. 

WILLIE THOMAS PATTERSON, 
Bursar. 

EUGENE LEWIS HARRIS, Ph.B., 
Registrar. 

EDWARD KIDDER GRAHAM, Ph.B., 
Librarian. 

WILLIAMSON EDWARD HEARN, 
Assistantjn the Library. 



18 THE UNIVERSITY 

JOHN WETMORE HINSDALE, Jr., 
Assistant in the Library. 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY. 

The President is a member, ex-officio, of all committees. 
On the Curriculum 

Professors Gore, Venable, Wilson, Battle, Alexander, 
Hume and Noble. 

On Auditing 

Professors Venable and Toy. 

On Athletics 

Professor Baskerville. 

On Catalogue and Like Publications 
Professors Linscott, Gore and Alexander. 

On Commons 

Professors Toy and Williams and Mr. May. 

On the Library 

Professor Alexander. 

On the Publication of the Record 
Professors Venable, Alexander, Cobb and Baskerville. 

1 On the Professional Schools 
Professors MacRae, Whitehead and Howell. 

On Substitutions and Petitions 
Professors Gore, Linscott, Cain and Toy. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY 19 

On Absences 
Professor Linscott. 

On the University Magazine 
Professors Cobb, Hume and Alexander. 

On the Young Men's Christian Association 
Professors Hume and Battle and Mr. Smith. 

On Public Lectures 
Professor Baskerville. 



THE COLLEGE. 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. 

I. Admission into the Freshman Class. 

Candidates for admission into the Freshman Class are admitted 
by examination or by certificate. Examinations for admission are 
held in September. The University admits, without examination, 
students who present certificates from the principals of their 
schools. These certificates must be on the blank form, provided 
on application to the Registrar. The right is reserved to examine 
students, when, in the opinion of the President, such a course is 
necessary. 

All certificates of work accomplished at preparatory schools or 
colleges must be examined and approved by the instructors in the 
departments concerned, and deposited with the Registrar, before 
such work can be officially recognized. 

The Degree of Baclielor of Arts. 

The requirements for admission into the Freshman Class in the 
course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts are as follows : — 

1. Greek. Three books of Xenophon's Anabasis, with ques- 
tions on the more usual forms and constructions ; simple narrative 
in English, based upon Xenophon's Anabasis, to be translatedin to 
Greek. 

2. Latin. Two books of Cassar's Gallic War ; four orations of 
Cicero ; six books of Vergil's Aeneid ; Latin Grammar, including 
prosody ; simple narrative in English, based upon the prose read, 
to be translated into Latin. 

Instructors should teach the Roman method of pronouncing 
Latin. 

3. ENGLISH. Grammar ; Elements of Rhetoric. Every candi- 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 21 

date is required to write a short composition, correct in spelling-, 
punctuation, grammar, and division into paragraphs, upon one of 
several subjects announced at the time of the examination. In 
1900, the subjects will be chosen from one or more of the follow- 
ing works : — 

Shakespere's Merchant of Venice, Milton's Comus, Irving's 
Tales of a Traveller, Macaulay's Life of Samuel Johnson, Scott's 
Ivanhoe, and Lady of the Lake, Longfellow's Evangeline, Web- 
ster's First Bunker Hill Oration, Defoe's History of the Plague in 
London. 

The candidate is expected to read all the books named, and 
to give evidence in his composition that he is acquainted with the 
important parts of the book from which the subject of his compo- 
sition is taken, and with the life of the author. 

The entrance examinations in 1901 and 1902 will be based upon 
the following books : — 

For reading and practice : The Merchant of Venice, Pope's Iliad, 
books, 1, 6, 22 and 24, The Coverley Papers in the Spectator, 
Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, Scott's Ivanhoe, Cooper's The 
Last of the Mohicans, Lowell's Vision of Sir Launfal, George El- 
iot's Silas Marner. For class study and practice : Macbeth, Mil- 
ton's Comus. L' Allegro and II Penseroso, Burke's Speech on Con- 
ciliation with America, Macaulay's Essays on Milton and Addi- 
son. 

4. History. The histories of Greece, Rome and the United 
States. 

5. Mathematics. The whole of a good school Arithmetic; 
a good school Algebra through Progression and Logarithms ; a 
thorough preparation in College Algebra to Quadratic Equations ; 
three books of Plane Geometry. 

The following books are recommended as useful in preparation 
for the examination in Mathematics : Robinson's Practical Arith- 
metic, Lock and Scott's Arithmetic, Well's, Newcomb's or Went- 
worth's Algebra. 

Tlie Degrees of Bachelor of Philosophy and Bachelor of Science. 
Candidates for admission into the Freshman Class in the course 



22 THE COLLEGE 

leading to the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy may omit the exam- 
ination in Greek. 

Candidates for admission into the Freshman Class in the course 
leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science may omit the exami- 
nations in Greek and in Latin. 

Times and Places of Examinations. 

All candidates for admission into the Freshman Class in any 
course leading to a degree must assemble in Gerrard Hall at 9 a. 
m. Wednesday, September 12, for preliminary registration. They 
will there be assigned to rooms for examination. 

Order of Examinations. 

Wednesday, September, 12. 
10-1. Latin. 3-5. History and Geography. 

Thursday, September, IS. 
10-1. Mathematics. 3-5. English. 

Friday, September 14- 
10-1. Greek. 

Arrangements have been made with certain schools in the state 
whereby examinations for admission may be held in May also, at 
the schools. 

A student who fails to pass in any subject required for admis- 
sion will be conditioned in that subject. Such conditions must be 
removed before the beginning of the Sophomore year. He will 
receive no final mark in the department in which such condition 
occurs until the condition is removed. Nor will he be admitted to 
the work of the Sophomore year in any department until all en- 
trance conditions are removed. 

II. Admission to Advanced Standing-. 

A candidate for advanced standing may be admitted to the 
Sophomore, Junior, or Senior class, with or without complete ex- 



ADMISSION OF OPTIONAL STUDENTS 23 

amination. He is subject not only to the examinations required 
of candidates for admission into the Freshman Class, but to special 
examinations both in all the required studies already pursued by 
the class which he desires to enter, and in as many elective studies 
as would have been required of him as a member of that class. 
When satisfied with the apparent fitness of the candidate, the ex- 
amining committee may, in spite of his deficiencies in some studies, 
admit him to an advanced class : but a candidate so admitted is 
not recommended for a degree until his deficiencies are made 
good. The examining committee may accept also, with proper 
restrictions, the official report of work satisfactorily completed at 
a college or university of good standing in place of an examination 
upon such previous work. 

A candidate for advanced standing should present himself for 
examination on the same days and at the same hours with candi- 
dates for admission into the Freshman Class. 

III. Admission of Optional Students. 

A person who desires to take up an optional course of study, 
without becoming a candidate for a degree, may be admitted into 
the College without examination, upon the presentation of a cer- 
tificate' from the college or university last attended, or by other- 
wise satisfying the Faculty that he is qualified to pursue the 
desired course. A candidate so admitted is called an optional 
student. He enjoys the same privileges with other members of 
the College, and is subject to the same regulations. 

Optional students are advised to elect work from one of the 
three shorter courses of study suggested by the Faculty; but 
they may if properly qualified, pursue a special line of work in any 
department. 



COURSES LEADING TO DEGREES. 



The College prescribes three courses of study, of four years 
each, leading respectively to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts 
(A.B.), Bachelor of Philosophy (Pji.B.), and Bachelor of Science 
(S.B.). The studies of the Freshman and Sophomore years are 
fixed in each course. Required and elective studies amounting to 
a total of seventeen hours a week are prescribed in the Junior and 
Senior years. The courses are as follows : — 

I. BACHELOR OF ARTS. 

Freshman Year. 

Required Studies : Greek 1(4)*; Latin 1(4); English 1(3); Math- 
ematics 1(4). 

Sophomore Year. 

Required Studies : English 2(3) ; Mathematics 2(3) ; one study 
from the following group: Greek 2(3), Latin 2(3) ; one study from 
the following group: Chemistry 1(3), Biology 2(8$; one study 
from the following group : Greek 2(3), Latin 2(3), German 1(3), 
French 1(3). 

Junior Year. 

Required Studies : Philosophy 1(3) ; Physics 2(3) ; one study 
from the following group: Greek, Latin, German, French, English. 

Elective Studies : Any studies in the College except those 
required of Freshmen in any course leading to a degree. 

♦Numerals in parentheses indicate number of hours in each course. 



COUKSES LEADING TO DEUBEE8 25 

Senior Year. 

Required Studies : English 3(1) ; one study from the follow- 
ing group: Political and Social Science 1(3), History 3(3); one 
study in a subject in which two or three years of connected work 
have already been completed, or one study from the following 
group : Philosophy 4(3) ; Physics 4(2). 

Elective Studies : Any studies in the College except English 
6 and those studies required of Freshmen and Sophomores in any 
course leading to a degree. 

II. BACHELOR OF PHILOSOPHY. 

Freshman Year. 

Required Studies: English 1(3) ; Mathematics 1(4) ; Physics 
1(3); History 1(2); one study from the following group : Greek 
1(4), Latin 1(4). 

Sophomore Year. 

Required Studies : English 2(3) ; Mathematics 2(3) ; one study 
. from the following group ; Greek 2(3), Latin 2(3) ; one study from 
the following group: German 1(3). French 1(3); one study from 
the following group : Chemistry 1(3), Biology 2(3), Geology 2(3). 

Junior Year. 

Required Studies : Philosophy 1(3) ; Physics 2(3). 
Elective Studies : Any studies in the College except those 
required of Freshmen in any course leading to a degree. 

Senior Year. 

Required Studies : English 3(1) ; one study from the follow- 
ing group : Political and Social Science 1(3), History 3(3) ; one 



26 THE COLLEGE 

study in a subject in which two or three years of connected work 
have already been completed, or one study from the following- 
group : Philosophy 4(3), Physics 4(2). 

Elective Studies : Any studies in the College except English 
6 and those studies required of Freshmen and Sophomores in any 
course leading to a degree. 

III. BACHELOR OF SCIENCE. 

Freshman Year. 

Required Studies : German 1(3) ; English 1(3) ; Mathematics 
1(4) ; Physics 1(3) ; Biology 1 and Geology 1(3). 

Sophomore Year. 

Required Studies : English 2(3) ; Mathematics 2(3) ; Chemis- 
try 1(3) ; one study from the following group : German 2(3), French 
1(3), History 1(3); one study from the following group: Chemistry 
3(2), Biology 2(3), Geology 2(3). 

Junior Year. 

Required Studies : Philosophy 1(3) ; Physics 2(3) ; one study 
from the following group : German, French, Mathematics, Chem- 
istry, Biology, Geology. 

Elective Studies : Any study in the College! 

Senior Year. 

Required Studies : English 3(1) ; one study from the follow- 
ing group: Political and Social Science 1(3); History 3(3) ; one 
study in a subject in which two or three years of connected work 
have already been completed, or one study from the following 
group : Philosophy 4(3), Physics 4(2). 

ELECTIVE Studies : Any studies in the College except Eng- 
lish t5 and those studies required of Freshmen and Sophomores in 
any course leading to a degree. 



COT7RSES FOR STUDENTS NOT CANDIDATES FOR A DEGREE 27 

COURSES FOR STUDENTS NOT CANDIDATES FOR A 

DEGREE. 

Three courses of study, each extending over a period of two 
years, are suggested to students who are unable to complete any 
course leading to a degree. These brief courses are intended to 
include subjects that have a direct practical value for young men 
intending to be teachers, lawyers or physicians. Studies amounting 
to a total of sixteen hours a week are required and may be selected 
from the following groups : — 

I. For those intending to teach. 

First Year : Greek, Latin, German, French, English, Mathe- 
matics, Elementary Physics. Physiology, Physiography. 

Second Year : Greek. Latin, German, French, English, Phil- 
osophy, History, Constitutions and Laws of the United States and 
of North Carolina. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Ge- 
ology, History and Science of Education. 

II. For those intending- to practice law. 

First Year : Latin, English. History, Mathematics, Physics 
Chemistry, Geology. 

Second Year : Latin. English, Philosophy, History and His- 
torical Research, Constitutions of England, of the United States, 
and of North Carolina, Political Economy, Mathematics. 

III. For those intending to practice medicine. 

First Year : Greek, Latin, German, French, English, Mathe- 
matics. Elementary Physics, Physiology, Physiography. 

Second Year : Greek, Latin, German, French, - English, Chem- 
istry, Practical Biology, Geology. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 



GREEK. 

For Undergraduates. 

Professor Alexander and Dr. T. J. Wilson. 

1. Homer's Iliad, books I., II. and VI. Review of important 

grammatical principles. Lysias, selected speeches. Read- 
ing at sight. Four hours a week. 

Required of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Elective with Latin 1 as a requirement of candidates for the 
degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. 

Professor Alexander. 

2. Demosthenes, three Philippics. Aristophanes, Acharnians. 

Euripides, Iphigenia among the Taurians. Reading at 

sight. Lectures on Greek literature. Three hours a week. 

Elective with Latin 2 as a requirement of candidates for the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Philosophy. 

3. Prose Composition, elementary course. One hour a week. 

Intended as supplementary to Greek 1 . 

Primarily for Undergraduates. 

4. Social life of the ancient Greeks, twenty lectures. History of 

Greek Art, text-book and lectures. Two hours a week. 

5. Modern Greek. Rangabe's Handbook . Bikelas's Stories. 

Newspapers. Two hours a week (spring term). 

6. Homer, rapid reading of the entire Odyssey. Two hours <x 

week. 

For Graduates and Specially Qualified Undergraduates. 

7. Greek Drama ; Euripides, Medea ; Sophocles, Oedipus Ty- 



COUKSE8 OF INSTRUCTION 29 

rannus ; Aeschylus, Agamemnon ; Aristophanes, Frogs ; 
Aristotle, Poetics. Three hours a week. 

8. Prose Composition, advanced course. Two hours a week {fall 

term). 

9. Bacchylides, the Odes. Two hours a week (spring term). 

10. Plato, the Gorgias and selections from other dialogues. Two 

hours a week {fall term). 

11. Greek History : the selections from Greek Historians in parts 

I. and II. of Baumeister's Quellenbuch zur Alten Geschichte. 
Two hours a week {spring term). 
A certificate is granted to a student who has completed 
courses 1, 2 and 3, and four hours of elective work. 

LATIN. 
For Undergraduates. 

Professor LlNSCOTT and Dr. T. J. Wilson. 

1. Livy, Books XXI. and XXII. Horace, the Odes and Epodes. 

Selections from various authors in prose and verse. His- 
tory of Early Rome. Greek and Roman Mythology. 
Four hours a week. 

Required of candidates for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Elective with Greek 1 as a requirement of candidates for 
the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. 

Professor LlNSCOTT. 

2. Horace, Satires and Epistles. Cicero, Letters. Plautus, Cap- 

tivi and Trinummus. Outlines of the history of Latin 

literature. History of the Roman Triumvirates. The 

Roman Drama. Three hours a week. 

Elective with Greek 2 as a requirement of candidates for 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Philosophy. 

Dr. Wilson. 

3. Prose Composition. Translation from English into Latin. 

One hour a week. 
Intended as supplementary to Latin 1. 



30 THE COLLEGE 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Professor Linscott. 

3. Pliny, selected letters. Juvenal, Satires. Martial, selected 

Epigrams. Two hours a week. 
To be omitted in 1900-1901. 

4. Catullus and the Epistles of Horace. l\oo hours a week. 

To be omitted in 1900-1901. 

5. Roman Oratory. Lectures and reading of the fragments of 

the early orators, Cicero's Orations, Brutus and de Ora- 
m tore ; Quintilian. Two hours a week. 

fi. Roman Epic Poetry. Lectures and reading of epic fragments, 
Vergil's Aeneid, Lucan. Two hours a week. 

7. Roman Private Life. Lectures and illustrations by photo- 

graphs and stereopticon. Two hours a week {fall term). 

8. Roman History. A careful study of the Republic, the Civil 

Wars and Early Empire. Two hours a week. 
A special certificate is granted to a student who has com- 
pleted courses 1 and 2 and five hours of elective work. 

CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Dr. AVlLSON. 

1. Philology. Introductory course. History and methods of 

linguistic study. Growth and classification of the lan- 
guages of the Indo-European family, with a discussion of 
the literatures and religions of the various branches. 
Linguistic palaeontology and the civilization of the Indo- 
Europeans. Lectures and frequent quizzes.; l\vo hours a 
week. 

2. The Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin. Phonology 

and Morphology. Study of the Greek dialects. Old Latin 
Inscriptions. Two hows n week (spring term). 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 31 

3. Comparative Syntax of the Greek and Latin Verb. For ma- 
terial and examples the class will read considerable por- 
tions of Homer's Odyssey and several plays of Terence. 
Two hours a week. 



GERMAN. 
For Undergraduates. 

Professor Toy. 
1 (a). Elementary course. Grammar. Written exercises. Trans- 
lation and reading at sight. Three, hours a week. 

Required, in the Freshman year, of candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Science. 
Not elective to candidates for other degrees. 

Mr. May. 

1 (b). Elementary course. Grammar. Written exercises. Trans- 
lation of German Prose. Reading at sight. Three hours a 
week. 

Elective with Greek 2, Latin 2, or French 1, as a require- 
ment of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts ; and 
with French 1, as a requirement of candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Philosophy. 

2. Advanced course. Translation. Sight reading. Composition. 

Grammar. Three hours a week. 
Open only to those who have completed course 1 a, or 1 b. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Professor Toy. 

3. Schiller and his contemporaries. Lectures. Themes. Col- 

lateral reading. Two hours a week. 

4. Goethe's Faust. Parts I. and II. Two hours a week. 

Courses 3 and 4 are open to candidates for the Master's or 
Doctor's degree. 

A certificate is granted to students who have completed with 

credit courses 1 . 2 and 3. 



32 THE COLLEGE 

ROMANCE LANGUAGES. 

French. 

For Undergraduates. 

Mr. May. 

t. Elementary Course. Grammar. Written Exercises. French 

Prose. Reading- at sight. Three hours a week. 

Elective with Greek 2, Latin 2, or German 1 (b), as a require- 
ment of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts ; 
with German 1(b), as a requirement of candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Philosophy ; and with German 2 or 
History 1, as a requirement of candidates for the degree of 
Bachelor of Science. 

2. Advanced Course. Translation. Reading at sight. Compo- 

sition. Grammar. Three hours a week. 
Open only to those who have completed course 1. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Professor Toy. 

3. General History of French Literature. Lectures. Themes. 

Collateral Reading. Tlxree hours a week. 

4. History of the French Revolution. Lectures. Themes. Read- 

ing. Two hours a week. 

Courses 3 and 4 are open to candidates for the Master's or 
Doctor's degree. 

A certificate is granted to those who have completed with 

credit courses 1, 2 and 3. 

Spanish. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Professor Toy. 

1. Elementary Course. Grammar. Written exercises. Trans- 

lation of Spanish Prose. Reading at sight. Three hours a 
week. 
Elective under same conditions as French 1. 

2. Classical Literature of Spain. Cemposition. Grammar. Two 

hours a week. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 33 

ENGLISH. 

For Undergraduates. 

Mr. Smith. 

1 . Rhetoric and Composition. Three hours a week. 

Required, in the Freshman year, of all candidates for a de- 
gree. 

2. English Composition. Advanced course, intended for those 

who have completed the work of course 1. Three hours a 

week. 

Required, in the Sophomore year, of all candidates for a de- 
gree. 

Professor Hume. 

3. Essays and Orations. Lectures on forms of discourse with ex- 

ercises in Bacon, Macaulay, Carlyle, Arnold. Select 
orations analyzed and discussed. Construction of theses. 
One hour a week. 
Required, in the Senior year, of all candidates for a degree. 

4. Poetics. First term : The Old Ballads, Longer English 

Poems (Hales). Special study of Tennyson : The Princess, 
The Idyls of the King. In Memoriam with other elegiac 
poems, Lycidas, Adonais. Second term : The drama 
studied in Shakespeare's English History Plays. His- 
tory of English Literature. Critical theses. Two hours 
a week. 

5. The history and philosophy of literature. Chaucer's Canter- 

bury Tales. Shaks;vM-e's comedies and tragedies. Mar- 
lowe and BenJonson. Milton's Paradise Lost. Words- 
worth. Taine's History of Literature. Theses. Two 
hours a week. 

6. Anglo-Saxon (elementary course). Old English grammar. 

The Gospel of John. Cook's Judith. Philology (Earle, 
Sweet). Two hours a week. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

7. Anglo-Saxon and Middle English phonology and inflection. 



34 THE COLLEGE 

Skeat's Piers Plowman. The Wycliffite, Tyndale and later 
Bible Versions. Anglo-Saxon Poetry : Beowulf (Harrison 
and Sharp's Edition). Skeat's Principles of Etymology. 
Two hours a week. 

For Graduates. 

8. Poetry and criticism. A study of the art of poetry in general 

and of the principles of criticism. 

9. The rise and progress of the drama from the Mystery Plays to 

the seventeenth century. Ward's Dramatic Literature, 
Symond's Predecessors of Shakspere. Manly's Pre-Shak- 
sperian Plays and special editions. 
To be omitted in 1900-1901. 

10. Seminary in Shakspere. The language, metrical forms, 

sources of plot and incident, construction of plays, com- 
parative study of his art. 
To be omitted in 1900-1901. 

11. The literary study of the Bible. Critical survey of the 

Psalms, Job, Isaiah, Proverbs. Influence of the Bible on 
literary development and form. 

12. Anglo-Saxon Poetry. Comparative Grammar and Philology. 

The Foreign Element in English. 

13. English Romanticism from Pope to Wordsworth. 

14. Cynewolf and his school. Paul's Principles of Language. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed 
courses 1 — 6, and one of the courses for graduates. 



PHILOSOPHY. 

For Graduates. 

Professor Williams. 

1. Psychology. Lectures, with text-books. Theses. Three hours 
a week. 



C0UB8ES OF IN8TRTJCTIOX 35 

Required, in the Junior year, of all candidates for a degree. 

2. Logic. Lectures, with text-books. The study of logic in life. 

Two hours a week. 

3. Ethics. Criticisms and Discussions. Two hours a week. 

4. Philosophy. Lectures. Theses. Study of the forces that 

shape life. Three hours a week. 

Elective in the Senior year, with any study in a subject in 
which two or three years of connected work have already 
been completed, or with Physics 4, as a requirement of all 
candidates for a degree. 



For Graduates. 

Epistemology. Lectures. Theses. A study of the Critical 
Philosophy. First year : Prolegomena and Practical 
Reason and the works that prepared the way for Kant. 
Second year : Kritik der reinen Vemunft. Three hours a 
week. 
Elective to students who haven taken courses 3 and 4. 



HISTORY. 

For Undergraduates. 

Mr. Smith. 

1. Mediaeval History. Recitation work supplemented by reports 

on private reading and investigation. Two hours a week. 

Required, in the Freshman year, of all candidates for the 
degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. 

Professor Noble. 

2. American History. The growth and development of the 

American Union. Colonization of North America, and 
of the United States. Lectures, with text books and topi- 
cal reports. Three hours a week. 

Professor Battle. 

3. English History. Text-book, with lectures and topical reports. 



36 THE COLLEGE 

A general survey of political history and constitutional 
development. Three hours a week. 

4. Constitutional History. Text-books, lectures, topical reports. 
Principles of the constitutions of the most civilized ancient 
and modern nations. The United States Constitution and 
principal judicial decisions thereon. Lectures on the lead- 
ing principles of International Law. Three hours a week. 

Elective in the Senior year with Political and Social Science 
1 as a requirement of all candidates for a degree. 

o. The Constitutional History of the Colony and State of North 
Carolina. Lectures. Theses on assigned subjects re- 
quired. One hour a week. 

b. Bible History. In 1899-1900, New Testament characters. 
Lectures each Sunday morning, at the instance of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 
Not counted toward a degree. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

7. Historical Seminary. Original research into topics of the 
history of America or of North Carolina. Reports required 
weekly. Two hours a week. 

Elective to graduates, and to special students who have 
passed six hours of work with honor, or have given proof 
of special fitness, in the department of History. 

Other courses in History will be prescribed for any students 
prepared for advanced work. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed 

courses 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7. 



POLITIC AL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE. 

Professor Battle. 

1. History and principles of Political Economy and Sociology. 
Text-books and lectures. Theses on assigned topics. 
Three hours a week. 



COTJKSEB OF INSTRUCTION 37 

Elective in the Senior year with History 4 as a requirement 
for a degree. 

2. Current questions. Seminary methods in the study of eco- 
nomic and social questions. Two hours a week. 



MATHEMATICS. 

For Undergraduates. 

Professor Cain and Mr. Henderson. 

1. Algebra, from Quadratics to Determinants (Wentworth's Col- 

lege Algebra). Plane and Solid Geometry (Wells's Essen- 
tials). Four hours a week. 

Required, in the Freshman year, of all candidates for a de- 
gree. 

Professor Cain. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, with Logarithms (Crock- 

ett). Analytic Geometry (Tanner and Allen). Three hours 
a week. 

Required, in the Sophomore year, of all candidates for a de- 
gree. 

Mr. Henderson. 

3. Projection Drawing (Warren). Surveying (Raymond.) Three 

hours a week. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Professor Cain. 

4. Differential and Integral Calculus (Taylor). Three hows a 

week. 

Mr. Henderson. 

5. Determinants and short course in Theory of Equations (Bar- 

ton). Solid Analytic Geometry (Charles Smith). Three 
hours a week. 
To be omitted in 1900-1901. 



38 THE COLLBGK 

6. Higher Trigonometry (Lock). Differential Equations (Mur- 

ray ) . Three hours a week. 

Professor Cain. 

7. Analytic Mechanics (Bowser) and Mechanics ol Materials 

(Merriman). Three hours a week. 

For Graduates Only. 

8. Extended course in Theory of Equations (Burnside and Pan- 

tou). Three hours a week. 

9. Advanced Differential and Integral Calculus (Byerly, Ed- 

wards). Three hours a week. 

10. The application of Mathematics to Civil Engineering. At 

least one course will be offered annually. 

a. Stresses in Bridges and Roof Trusses (Cain and John- 
son. 

b. Graphical Statics applied to Framed Structures (Merri- 
man) and Theory of Retaning Walls (Cain). 

c. Graphical Treatment of Arches (Cain). Analytic The- 
ory of Arches (Howe). 

e. Hydro-Mechanics (Bowser). Hydrostatics (Merriman). 



PHYSICS. 
For Undergraduates. 

Professor Gore. 

1. Physics. A general course. The fundamental facts of the 

subject presented, and the general laws illustrated by ex- 
periments. Three hours a week. 

Required, in the Freshman year, of candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Philosophy or Bachelor of Science. 

2. Physics. Mechanics and Sound. Lectures, with text-books 

and illustrative experiments. A series of experiments in 

physical measurements. Tlxree hours a week (fall term). 

Required, in the Junior year, of all candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Philosophy and Bachelor of Science. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 39 

3. Physics. A general course, more advanced than course 1. 

Lectures, with text-books. A series of experiments in 

physical measurements, Three hours a week (fall term). 

Required, in the Junior year, of all candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. 

4. Physics. Heat, Electricity and Magnetism. A continuation 

of courses 2 and 3. Three hours a week [spring term). 
Required, in the Junior year, of all candidates for a degree. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

5. Electricity and Magnetism. Lectures, with text-books. Elec- 

trical measurements. Experimental study of dynamo ma- 
chines, electric motors, electric lighting, storage batteries, 
etc. Three hours a week. 

6. Descriptive Astronomy. Three hours a week (spnng term). 

This course is conducted as a branch of liberal education, 
but enough of mathematics is included to give accuracy to 
the study. 

Elective, in the Senior year, with any study in a subject in 
which two or three years of connected work have already 
been completed, or with Philosophy 4, as a requirement 
of all candidates for a degree. 

7. Theory and Application of Alternating Currents, and Electric 

Transmission of Power. Three hours a week. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed 
courses 2 or 3, 4 and 5. 



CHEMISTRY. 

For Undergraduates. 

Professor Venable. 
1. Descriptive Chemistry. Lectures, with laboratory work. A 
study of the elements and their compounds including an 
introduction to organic chemistry. Laboratory work re- 
quired. Three hours a week. 
3 



40 THE COLLEGE 

Required, in the Sophomore year, of all candidates for the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. 

Elective, in the Sophomore year, with Biology 2, as a re- 
quirement of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts ; and with Biology 2 or Geology 2 as a requirement of 
candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. 

2. Technical Chemistry. Lectures. Metallurgy, glass making, 

pottery, foods, clothing, building-materials, explosives, 
photography, etc. Three hours a week. 

Associate Professor Baskerville. 

3. Qualitative Analysis. Laboratory work. Two hours a week. 

Elective, in the Sophomore year, with Biology 2, or Geology 
2, as a requirement of candidates for the degree of Bache- 
lor of Science. 

4. Quantitative analysis and assaying. Laboratory work. A 

grounding in analytical methods. Three hours a week. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

Associate Professor Baskerville and Dr. Clarke. 

5. Organic Chemistry. Lectures with laboratory work. Three 

hours a week. 

Professor Venable. 

6. Theoretical and historical chemistry. Lectures. Two hours 

a week. 

7. Quantitative Analysis. Laboratory work. An extension of 

course 4. Five hours a week. 

Associate Professor Baskerville. 

8. Toxicology and Medical Analysis. Lectures and laboratory 

work. Qualitative analysis ; toxicology and urinary 

analysis. Three hours a week. 

This course is open to second year students in medicine and 
pharmacy. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed all 
the above courses except course 8 and submitted a thesis 
upon some research successfully carried out in the labor- 
atory. ■ 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 41 

BIOLOGY. 

For Undergraduates. 

Professor Wilson. 

1. Elements of Physiology. Lectures, with laboratory work. 

Three hours a week {fall term). 

Required, in the Freshman year, of all candidates for the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. 

2. General Biology. Introductory course (Biology 1 not a pre- 

requisite). Fundamental principles worked out on selected 
animal and plant types. Lectures with laboratory work. 
Three hours a wee~k. 

Elective, in the Sophomore year, with Chemistry 1, as a re- 
quirement of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts ; with Chemistry 1, or Geology 2, as a requirement of 
candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy ; and 
with Chemistry 3, or Geology 2, as a requirement of can- 
didates for the degree of Bachelor of Science. 

3. Mammalian Anatomy. Osteology and dissection of cat. May 

be pursued simultaneously with Biology 2. Laboratory 
work. Three hours a week {fall term). 

4. Vertebrate Histology. Microscopic structure of principal 

tissues and organs. Elements of microscopic technique. 
May be pursued simultaneously with Biology 2. Lectures 
with laboratory work. Three hours a toeek {spring term). 

5. Botany. Structure and habits of selected cryptogams and 

flowering plants. May be pursued simultaneously with 
Biology 2. Laboratory work. Three hours a iceek {spring 
term). 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

6. Zoology. Comparative anatomy of the chief invertebrate and 

vertebrate classes. Introduction to systematic zoology 
of a class. Lectures with laboratory work. Three hours a 
week. 



42 The college 

7. Vertebrate Embryology. Segmentation and formation of germ 

layers in echinoderm, amphibian, and teleost eggs. De- 
velopment of the characteristic vertebrate organs in chick 
embryos. Fall term largely given to microscopic tech- 
nique. Lectures with laboratory work. Three hours a 
week. 
Medical students admitted to first part of course separately. 

8. Animal Morphology. Advanced zoological work, with detailed 

study of a problem in comparative anatomy or embry- 
ology. Laboratory work with thesis. Five hours a week. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed with 
credit courses 2 to 7 inclusive. 



GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY. 

For Undergraduates. 

Professor Cobb. 

1. Physical Geography. Lectures, with laboratory, field work 

and recitations. Three hours a week (spring term). 

Required in the Freshman year, of candidates for the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Science. 

2. General Geology, including Mineralogy. Lectures and recita- 

tions, with laboratoi*y and field work. Three hours a week. 

Elective, in the Sophomore year, with Chemistry 1 or Biol- 
ogy 2, as a requirement of candidates for the degree of 
Bachelor of Philosophy ; and with Chemistry 4, or Biology 
2, as a requirement of candidates for the degree of Bache- 
lor of Science. 

3. Determinative Mineralogy. Lectures, with laboratory work. 

Dana's text-book of Mineralogy. Two hours a week ( fall 
term.) 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

4. General Critical Geology. Lectures, with laboratory and field 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 43 

work. Theses. Books : Lyell's Principles of Geology 
and Geikie's Text-book of Geology. Three hours a week. 
Given alternately with courses 5 and 6. 

5. Economic Geology. Lectures with laboratory and field work. 

The general features and formation of ore deposits, fol- 
lowed by a description of the deposits of the ores of iron, 
copper, lead, zinc, silver, gold, and the lesser metals, with 
special reference to North America and to the economic 
geology of North Carolina. Three hours a week {fall 
term). 

To be omitted in 1900-1901. 

Courses 5 and 6 are given alternately with course 4. 
Elective to students who have completed courses 2 and 3 and 
a course in Chemistry. 

6. Economic Geology. Discussion of the distribution and occur- 

rence of coal, petroleum, natural gas, asphalt, building- 
stone, water supply, salines, aud minor minerals. Three 
hours a week (spring term.) 

To be omitted in 1900-1901. 

Courses 5 and 6 are given alternately with course 4. 
Elective to students who have completed courses 2 and 3 and 
a course in Chemistry. 

7. Advanced field work and special research in geology or geogra- 

phy. Problems assigned individually and work adapted 
to the professional needs of the student. Seminary once a 
week, and individual conferences. Three hours a week. 

This course may be taken with advantage in successive 
years. 

8. Petrography. Lectures, laboratory work and theses. Two 

hours a week (spring term). 

Elective to students who have completed courses 2 (or 9) and 
3, and Chemistry 4. 

9. Summer Course. Physical and Structural Geology, including 

Mineralogy. Daily lectures, with work in the laboratory, 

and in the field around King's Mountain, North Carolina 

for a period of four weeks. 

This course counts three hours a week for one term. 
Omitted in 1900. 



44 THE COLLEGE 

10. Summer Course. Advanced geological field work and special 

research. Study of the Deep River and Wadesboro areas 

of the Newark rocks. A brief examination of Potomac, 

Eocene, Lafayette and Columbia deposits. 

This course begins at Chapel Hill, June 12, 1900, and contin- 
ues four weeks, counting three hours a week for one term. 

In addition to the above courses, short series of lectures are 
from time to time given to the students of geology by 
members of the North Carolina Geological Survey. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed with 
credit all the above courses, except 1 and 9, and has sub- 
mitted a creditable thesis embodying the results of origi- 
nal investigation. 



PEDAGOGY. 

For Undergraduates. 

Professor NOBLE. 

1. The Science of Education. DeGarmo's Essentials of Method. 

The practical application of scientific principles to the 
teaching of elementary branches. A brief study of mod- 
ern educational problems. Three hours a week (fall term). 

2. The Art of Teaching. McMurray's General Method. A care- 

ful study of the principles and methods involved in suc- 
cessfully teaching those studies usually taught in the best 
public and private primary schools. Three hours a week 
(spring term). 

Preparation of model lessons according to pedagogical prin- 
ciples have a place in both courses. 

For Undergraduates and Graduates. 

3. The General History of Education. The development of edu- 

cational ideals in the past. The effect of pedagogical 
doctrines of the great educators of the past upon modern 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 45 

educational systems. Seeley's History of Education. 
Monroe's Educational Ideal. Three hours a week {fall 
term). 

4. The Philosophy of Education. Science and Practice of Educa- 

tion, Herbart. Comparative study of the different sys- 
tems of education in the several States of the Union. The 
development and arrangement of a High School course 
Tlxree hours a week {spring term). 

5. The study of childhood in transforming- modern methods of 

studying- and teaching educational science. Two hours a 
week. 

6. Herbartian Pedagogy. Two hours a week. 

The attempt is made in this course to investigate the Her- 
bartian movement in Germany and the United States. 
The works of Rein, Story, Ziller, Lange and others are 
studied. 

Given alternately with course 5. 

Pedagogical theses will be required in all courses. 



GKADUATE STUDENTS. 



ADMISSION. 



Graduates of the University of North Carolina and of other 
universities and colleges of good standing are, on application to 
the Faculty, ordinarily admitted to advanced courses of instruc- 
tion, free of charge for tuition. An applicant for admission unless 
a graduate of the University of North Carolina, is required to 
present a certificate of scholarship and character, or his diploma, 
if he has a degree. 

Graduate students are admitted to advanced courses in the 
College as well as to those courses especially provided for them. 
They enjoy the same privileges with other members of the Uni- 
versity. 

Applications for admission to the higher courses of study should 
be presented at the beginning of the College year. 

DEGREES. 

The University offers to graduate students advanced work lead- 
ing to the degrees of Master of Arts (A.M.), Master of Science 
(S.M.), a*id Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). 

Master of Arts. 

Any Bachelor of Arts, or Bachelor of Philosophy of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina or any student holding one of these degrees 
from another University or College approved by the Faculty may 
become a candidate for the degree of Master of Arts by making 1 
written application to the President and Faculty accompanied by 
the registration fee of ten dollars. The candidate shall complete 



DEGREES 47 

satisfactorily one year of graduate work in residence. This year 
of graduate work shall include at least fifteen hours a week of 
recitations or lectures with one major, and two minor courses 
forming a consistent plan of work to be pursued with some definite 
aim. The number of minor courses may be increased to three by 
special action of the Faculty. 

No course open to undergraduates below the junior year can be 
counted for the Master's degree, and the major and at least one 
minor course must be chosen only from courses designated "For 
Graduates " outlined in the catalogue on pp. 28-45. 

Bachelors of Philosophy who apply for the degree of Master of 
Arts must offer an ancient language as one of their subjects of 
study. 

A thesis showing capacity for research and power of indejjendent 
thought and based on the major subject of study, shall be sub- 
mitted on or before May 1 of the given year. 

Candidates who have received the Bachelor's degree from the 
University of North Carolina may be recommended for the Mas- 
ter's degree after at least two years of study, as non-resident stu- 
dents, the requirements being in all other respects the same as 
for resident students : and they must satisfy the Faculty by exam- 
ination and by their theses that they are worthy of recommenda- 
tion for the degree. 

Master of Science. 

The Faculty will recommend students for the degree of Master 
of Science under the same conditions outlined for the degree of 
Master of Arts. Candidates for the degree of Master of Science 
however are not required to offer an ancient language as one of 
their subjects of study. 

Doctor of Philosophy. 

A candidate for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy is required 
to pursue, in residence at the University, a prescribed course of 
advanced study and research. In general a term of three years is 



48 THE COLLEGE 

required, but the degree may be secured in two years in cases of 
exceptional preliminary training in the major subject. 

These requirements of residence and study are, however, en- 
tirely secondary. The degree is conferred not simply for faithful 
study in a determinate field of work for a prescribed period, but 
because of a high attainment in a special branch of learning, 
which the candidate must have manifested not only by examina- 
tion, but by a thesis which gives evidence of independent re- 
search, and contributes to knowledge. The candidate should 
choose his major subjec: in a department in which he has already 
pursued, for a considerable period, a systematic course of study. 
To receive this degree, a knowledge of French and German will 
be found indispensable in most instances. The thesis must be ac- 
cepted before the candidate may be admitted to examination. 
The examinations are both written and oral. They demand a 
minute knowledge of a special field of work as well as a general 
acquaintance with the department of learning in which the candi- 
date offers himself for the degree. 

Honorary Degrees. 

No honorary degrees are conferred by the University of North 
Carolina. 



ADMISSION OF WOMEN. 

Graduates and advanced students from institutions for the train- 
ing of women will be admitted to the Graduate School and to such 
higher courses of instruction as the Faculty may direct. They 
will be admitted on the same conditions with men and enjoy the 
same privileges. Graduates of accredited institutions receive free 
tuition. Others will be charged a fee according to the amount of 
work taken. 



PECUNIARY AID AND EXPENSES. 



MEDALS AND PRIZES. 

The Holt Medal in Mathematics. (Established in 1874.) 
A gold medal is offered by J. Allen Holt and Martin H. Holt, the 
principals of Oak Ridge Institute, to that student who shall take 
the highest rank in Mathematics 3. No student will be recom- 
mended for the medal unless he attain to grade 2. 

The Hume Medal in English Composition. (Established 
in 1890.) A gold medal is offered by Professor Thomas Hume to 
that member of the Senior Class who shall present the best essay 
or thesis on the occasion of his graduation. 

The Mangum Medal in Oratory. (Established in 1878.) 
The Misses Mangum, of Orange County, offer in memory of their 
father, Willie Person Mangum, a gold medal to that member of 
the Senior Class who shall deliver the best oration at Commence- 
ment. 

The President's Prize. (Established in 1900). A prize will 
be given annually by the President of the University for excel- 
lence in debate. The contestants shall be representatives of the 
Literary Societies, two from each, and shall be chosen from the 
Junior class. The contest shall be held on Monday night of Com- 
mencement week. 

The Hill Prize in History. (Established in 1890.) A prize 
of fifteen dollars is offered by John Sprunt Hill, of New York City, 
a member of the Class of 1889, for the best thesis on some phase of 
the history of North Carolina, the subject to be selected by the 
Professor of History. 

The Kerr Prize in Geology and Mineralogy. (Estab- 
lished in 1889.) A prize of fifty dollars is offered by William H. 
Kerr, of Baltimore, Md., in memory of his father, Professor Wash- 



50 • THE COLLEGE 

ington Caruthers Kerr, to any undergraduate or graduate student, 
for the best thesis containing original work in the geology or min- 
eralogy of North Carolina. 

The Superintendents' Prize in Pedagogy. (Established 
in 1897.) The Superintendents' Association of North Carolina will 
print the best thesis submitted in Pedagogy. 

The Greek Prize. (Established in 1897.) A prize of ten dol- 
lars is offered to that member of the Sophomore Class who shall 
present the best rendering into English of selected passages of 
Greek not previously read. 

The Worth Prize in Philosophy. (Established in 1883.) 
Mr. Charles Williams Worth, in memory of his father, David 
Gaston Worth, of the class of 1853, will print the best thesis sub- 
mitted by a student in Philosophy 4. 

The Early English Text Society Prize. A special prize 
is offered by the Early English Text Society, of London, for ad- 
vanced work in Anglo-Saxon and Middle English. 

SCHOLARSHIPS. 

The Cameron Scholarships. (Established in 1892.) The 
heirs of Paul Carrrington Cameron founded, in his memory, ten 
scholarships of the value of sixty dollars each. 

The Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies' 
Scholarships. (Established in 1893.) The Dialectic and Phil- 
anthropic Literary Societies of the University founded two schol- 
arships of the value of sixty dollars each, recipients of which shall 
give assistance in the Library. 

The Moore Scholarships. (Established in 1881.) Bartholo- 
mew Figures Moore, of Raleigh, bequeathed five thousand dollars, 
the interest of which shall be devoted to paying the tuition of stu- 
dents. 

The Mary Ann Smith Scholarships. (Established in 1891.) 
Miss Mary Ann Smith bequeathed thirty-seven thousand dollars 



FREE TUITION 51 

for the foundation of scholarships, the number of scholarships to 
be determined by the amount of income. 

The Mary Ruppin Smith Scholarships. (Established in 
1885.) Miss Mary Ruffin Smith bequeathed to the University, in 
memory of her bi'other, Dr. Francis Jones Smith, a valuable tract 
of land in Chatham County, of about forteen hundred and sixty 
acres, known as Jones' Grove. The will provides that "the rents 
of the land, or the interest of the purchase money, if sold, shall be 
used to pay the tuition of such poor students as the Faculty shall 
appoint." 

The Speight Scholarships. (Established in 1895.) The 
late Mrs. Mary Shepherd Speight bequeathed ten thousand dol- 
lars to the University. The income shall be used to pay the tui- 
tion of needy students ; but if tuition is ever made free, the income 
shall be used toward paying the salaries of the professors. 

The Wood Scholarships. (Established in 1892.) Mrs. Mary 
Sprunt Wood, of Wilmington, has founded in memory of her late 
husband, Dr. Thomas Fanning Wood, a scholarship of the value of 
sixty dollars. 

The Weil Scholarship. (Established in 1898.) This fund, 
established by Henry Weil, of Goldsboro, furnishes one scholar- 
ship of the value of sixty dollars. 

The Murphy Scholarship. (Established in 1898.) This 
scholarship of sixty dollars is given by James D. Murphy, of Ashe- 
ville. 

By the terms of these bequests no scholarships may be given to 
students of the professional schools of Law, Medicine and Phar- 
macy. 

All applications for scholarships must be filed in the President's 
Office on or before August 15, and must be in the regular form 
prescribed by the University. Blank forms are supplied on appli- 
cation to the Registrar. 

FREE TUITION. 

By an act of the Legislature in 1887, free tuition is given, in the 



52 THE COLLEGE 

College, to candidates for the ministry, to the sons of ministers, to 
young men under bodily infirmity, to teachers and young men pre- 
paring to teach. 



LOAN FUNDS. 

The Deems -Fund. (Established in 1879.) A fund of six hun- 
dred dollars was established by Dr. Charles P. Deems, late pastor 
of the Church of the Strangers, New York City, formerly a Pro- 
fessor in the University, in memory of his son, Lieutenant Theo- 
dore Disosway Deems. In 1881 the fund was greatly enlarged, 
through the munificence of Mr. William H. Vanderbilt, by a gift 
of ten thousand dollars, "as an addition to the Deems Fund, to be 
loaned to indigent students of the University." 

The Lake Fund. (Established in 1894.) A fund of three hun- 
dred dollars has been established by Mr. Henry Steers Lake, of 
the class of 1898, to be used, at the discretion of the President, in 
helping students. Mr. Lake added three hundred dollars to this 
fund in 1895. 

Applications for loans will not be considered unless accompanied 
by testimonials from responsible persons as to poverty and merit. 
The funds are limited in amount and are loaned only on the secur- 
ity of two approved signatures and at the legal rate of interest. 

By the terms of these bequests no loans may be made to students 
in the professional schools of Law, Medicine and Pharmacy. 

All applications for loans must be filed in the President's Office 
on or before August 15. 

EXPENSES. 

Every effort is made to reduce to the lowest point the necessary 
expenses of an education at the University. The charges for 
each of the two terms are as follows : — 



EXPENSES 53 

Tuition fee $30.00 

Registration fee 5.00 

Medical and Infirmary fee 3.00 

Gymnasium fee 1.25 

Library fee 2.00 

Total $41.25 

Students taking courses in the laboratories are charged a small 
fee for materials. The library fee is one dollar a term for members 
of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies. Good 
board is furnished at Commons for eight dollars a month. A few 
students earn their board at Commons by waiting on the tables. 
In private clubs board may be reduced to a minimum of six dollars 
a month. The entire annual expenses need not exceed three hun- 
dred dollars, and they may be reduced to two hundred dollars. 

Every student must keep on deposit with the Bursar two dollars 
as security for damages. Willful damage to University property 
is charged to the perpetrator, if known ; otherwise it is assessed 
upon all students of the University. Any balance is returned to 
the student at the end of the year. 

LABOR AND SELF HELP. 

It is confidently believed that no institution offers wider op- 
portunities for self-help to meritorious students of slender 
means. The desire is that no worthy boy, however poor, shall 
ever be turned away for lack of means. To such the University 
and town offer unusual opportunities for support. Eighty-five stu- 
dents are now working their way through college by every form 
of honorable labor. Fifty-two are here as the result of money 
earned or borrowed. Thirty-five are aided by loans, and over 
nine hundred have received aid from the University in loans and 
scholarships in the past twenty years. A few students are selected 
by the authorities as waiters at Commons. Otherwise all oppor- 
tunities, though available in the college and town, must be se- 
cured by the personal effort of the individual. They are not 
assigned by the President. 



54 THE COLLEGE 

DORMITORY ACCOMMODATIONS. 

The South, Old East, Old West, New East and New West build- 
ings contain one hundred and twenty double rooms, available for 
the accommodation of students. The rooms are unfurnished but 
there is no charge for service in addition to the rents. All rooms 
are fitted with electric lights. For these a fee of 37i cents per 
month is charged. 

The prices of rooms in the several buildings are as follows : — 
South Building. 
1st floor — corner rooms, $9. 

— inside rooms, $6.50. 
2nd and 3rd floors — corner rooms, $11.25. 

— inside rooms, $9. 

Old West and Old East Buildings. 

1st floor — corner rooms, $7.50. 
— inside rooms, $5.50. 
2nd and 3rd floors — corner rooms, $11.25. 
— inside rooms, $9. 



1st floor— $4.50. 
2nd and 3rd floors- 



New West Building. 



Neva East Building. 



1st floor— $4.50. 

2nd and 3rd floors — end rooms., $9. 

— middle rooms, $6.50. 
Prices are quoted for a single term. When a room has two oc- 
cupants, the price is reduced one-half. 



REGULATIONS REGARDING 
STUDENTS. 



REGISTRATION AND ASSIGNMENT OF ROOMS. 

All students are expected to present themselves for registration 
on Thursday, Friday or Saturday, September IS, 14, 15, 1900, and 
Wednesday, Thursday or Friday, January 2, 3 or 4, 1901, between 
the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 P.M., at the office of the Registrar. 

A student who presents himself for registration after the dates 
and times named shall pay a fee of two dollars in addition to the 
regular fees. 

Rooms for 1900-1901 will be assigned on Saturday, September 15, 
1900, and on Wednesday, January 2, 1901. Students desiring to 
retain their rooms in the college buildings must give formal notice 
to the Bursar before May 20th. Class seniority determines pref- 
erence in the drawing of vacant rooms in the college buildings. 
Previous occupants of rooms, if not present to claim them at the 
times and places annually designated for the assignment of rooms, 
will forfeit their rights to such rooms. 

According to the contract for rooms, it is provided that the 
occupants shall be responsible for all damage committed in or 
upon the room during their occupancy, as well as for all damage 
committed by them upon any University property : and that any 
malicious or wanton damage or any malicious or wanton or re- 
peated disturbance of college order shall be a forfeiture of all 
right to dwell in a college building. The President reserves also 
the right to require any student whom for any reason he considers 
an undesirable tenant to vacate a room in the college buildings. 

The President may by official disapproval of any boarding-place 
in the village require students to avoid such boarding-place. 
4 



56 THE COLLEGE 

STANDING. 

Semi-annual reports of the standing' of all students in all the 
studies of the previous term are sent to parents or guardians, 
based upon the following scale of marking : 
Grade 1, 95-100 per cent. 
Grade 2, 90-95 per cent. 
Grade 3, 80-90 per cent. 
Grade 4, 70-80 per cent. 
Grade 5, 50-70 per cent. 
Grade 6, below 50 per cent. 

Students must attain a grade of at least 4, to pass in any study ; 
those receiving grade 6 in any study must take such study over 
again with a class. 

Students can obtain their grades, so far as reported, from the 
Registrar, after 12 o'clock noon of the last day of each regular ex- 
amination period. 

No student shall be allowed to take less than 15, nor more than 
18 hours of class-room work per week without special permission 
of the Faculty or the President. 

Students desiring to change their courses must make written 
application to the President for the desired change. The appli- 
cation will be considered by the President and the instructors in 
the departments concerned and will be granted only after a care- 
ful consideration of the facts in each case. No changes will be 
permitted after the first two weeks of the term, except such as are 
granted after application to, and approval by the Faculty. 

A student who at the close of the period of special examinations 
in September is deficient by an amount equal to eight hours of 
class-room work for a year shall be ranked with the next lower 
class. 

A student, who has failed to pass all the examinations of the 
year in any college study may not take a higher class in that de- 
partment until he make good his deficiency. 



SCHEDULE OF EXAMINATIONS TO BE HELD EACH MONTH 57 

ABSENCES. 

In any term absences are counted . from the first regular meet- 
ing of each class. In no case will a student be considered present 
at any class unless he has been regularly registered as a member 
of that class. 

Any student whose absences from a class during any month 
amount to as much as 25 per cent, of the scheduled meetings of 
the class, is required to stand a special examination on that 
month's work, according to the schedule laid down below. 

In the case of those whose absences in a given month amount to 
25 per cent., or more, of the scheduled meetings of the class, and 
who fail to stand the examination provided for such absences, it 
is left to the discretion of the instructor to retain them in the 
class. 

Students who are absent from a class during the months of De- 
cember and May as much as 25 per cent, of the scheduled meetings 
of the class must stand ah examination for these months before 
being entitled to any grade on term examination. This special 
examination is to be held in connection with the regular term ex- 
amination, or at some time during the examination period. 

Students who are absent during either term as much as 33i per 
cent, of the scheduled meetings of the class, except in case of pro- 
longed sickness necessitating at least half of the absences, may at 
the discretion of the instructor be debarred from standing the 
term examination. 

Schedule of Examinations to be Held Each Month for 
Excess of Absences. 

Last Saturday of Month. 

French and German, all classes and sections. 8:45 o'clock. 

Greek, 9:45 " 

Latin, 11 " 

Biology, 12 " 



9:45 


a 


10 


u 


11 


(i 


12 


(< 


8:45 


(1 


9:45 


it 


At night. 



58 THE COLLEGE 

First Saturday of New Month. 
Mathematics, all classes and sections, 
Geology, 
Chemistry, 
Physics, 

Second Saturday of New Month. 
History, all classes and sections, 
English, 
Philosophy, 

A student who is absent from the class-room any considerable 
portion of the recitation hour will be reported absent by the in- 
structor. 

Attendance at Chapel is compulsory for all students in the Uni- 
versity except Seniors and students in the professional schools. 
Absences from Chapel will subject the student to discipline by the 
Executive. 

No student is allowed to absent himself from the University 
without written permission from the President or his representa- 
tive. This permission may, at the discretion of the Executive 
officer, be granted only upon the formal request of the parent or 
guardian. 

EXAMINATIONS. 

Each student, before being entitled to any grade upon an exam- 
ination, is required to subscribe his name to the following pledge : 
" I hereby certify that during this examination I have neither 
given nor received aid." 

Students who hand in papers at the regular examinations are 
considered to have relinquished any claim to special examinations 
for grades. Students who fail to attend regular examinations, or 
who fail to hand in papers, are regarded as handing in blank pa- 
pers, unless they have been previously excused from the examina- 
tions. 

Excuses from examinations are granted only in case of absolute 



EXAMINATIONS 59 

necessity. Such an excuse, to be valid, must be obtained from the 
President on or before the day of the examination, and communi- 
cated officially on that day to the instructor holding the examina- 
tion. 

No special examinations may be held during the regular exam- 
ination periods except such as the schedule committee may author- 
ize on account of unavoidable conflicts. 

A student wishing a special examination must deposit an appli- 
cation in the office of the Registrar at least one week before the 
beginning of the period of special examinations. 

A student that has been excused from an examination, or has 
failed to pass, may have opportunity to make good his deficiency, 
without taking the study over again, at the following times : 

(a.) At the period of special examinations in September preced- 
ing the regular work of the session. 

lb.) At the regular examination of the same class a year from 
the time when the deficiency was incurred. 

(c.) If the deficency be in a Junior or Senior study, either at one 
of the above-mentioned times, or at a special examination to be 
held in each study at the time scheduled for the first monthly spe- 
cial examination in that study after the opening of the term in 
January of the Senior year. 

A student having a deficiency in a Freshman study not made up 
by the close of the period of special examinations in September 
preceding his Junior year, and a student having a deficiency in a 
Sophomore study not made up by the close of the period of special 
examinations preceding his Senior year, shall be required to take 
such study over again with the class, or, in the case of an elective 
study, to take another one in its place. 

The last opportunity to make up deficiencies occurring later 
than the beginning of the Junior year is at the special examina- 
tion period mentioned above except that Seniors failing to pass an 
examination in May may be given one special examination during 
the examination period in May. Furthermore a student excused 
from a December examination of the Senior year may take such 
examination in the following May period, if he prefers. 



60 THE COLLEGE 

Only those that have been excused from the regular examina- 
tion may take another for a grade. All others take it merely to 
pass. 

The order of examinations for the removal of conditions will 
be: 

Monday, September 10. 
10. Physics. 2:30. Chemistry. 

Tuesday, September 11. 
10. Greek. 2:30. History. 

Wednesday, September 12. 
10. English. 2:30. Biology. 

Thursday, September 13. 
10. German and French. 2:30. Mathematics. 

Friday, September 14. 
10. Latin. 2:30. Geology. 

Saturday, September 15. 
10. Philosophy. 2:30. Pedagogy. 

ATHLETICS. 

No student will be allowed to take part in athletic games con- 
tests, etc., entailing absence from the University, whose parents 
or guardians object to such participation. 

Students who represent the University on athletic teams or mus- 
ical clubs, or as representatives of the Literary Societies, mar- 
shals, etc., must have passed on at least 6 hours work of the pre- 
vious term. 

Students who represent the University must be carrying at least 
12 hours of work and must be not neglectful of the work. 

Students leaving the University in a representative capacity, 
and those who go with them, must give pledges that they will not 
take intoxicating drinks nor indulge in gambling during their ab- 
sence. 



GRADUATION 61 

Students are not allowed to attend match games of ball played 
outside the State, except members of the teams, managers, or sub- 
stitutes. 

Students are allowed to attend match games in the State 
provided they can go and return the same day the game is 
played. 

The manager of each athletic team shall submit to the Presi- 
dent and the Committee on Athletics of the Faculty a schedule of 
all games before positive engagements are made. 

FRATERNITIES. 

Academic students may join fraternities on and after October 
1st of their Sophomore year. Fraternity men are not allowed to 
pledge Freshmen to join fraternities. 

GRADUATION. 

Each Senior will be officially informed by the Registrar in Sep- 
tember of all deficiences standing against him. These deficiences 
must be made up by the close of the special examination period 
in January and February. 

Every member of the Senior Class is required to write a thesis, 
or an oration, for graduation. Those electing theses must an- 
nounce their subjects by Feb. 1st to the Professor of English, who 
will report them to the Professors in the departments concerned. 
On May 2d the theses shall be read before the Professors, subject 
to criticism and correction. The corrected and approved theses 
must be handed to the Registrar in type-written form on or before 
May 15th. 

The number of orations is limited to four. The candidates must 
be members of the academic department, and must announce 
their subjects to the Professor of English by Feb. 1st. The ora- 
tions shall be delivered in private before a committee of the fac- 
ulty on May 1st, who shall decide the relative merits of the orations. 



62 THE COLLEGE 

The four successful candidates are known as the Commencement 
Orators of the Senior Class. 

Applicants for all degrees must present type- written theses by 
May 15th. 

Candidates for more than one degree shall not offer the same 
elective in two courses, nor a required study in one course as an 
elective in another. 

Candidates for the Bachelor's degree who have attained a grade 
of 1 on five sixths of all their studies for the course will be gradu- 
ated with the added phrase summa cum laucle. 

Those who have attained a grade of 1 on one half of their 
studies, orl and 2 on five sixths of their studies, will have added 
magna cum laude. 

Those who attain a grade of 1 and 2 on one half of their studies 
will have added cum, laudc. 

Students entering in advance of their course and desiring to 
compete for honors, must stand for grade all examinations re- 
quired in their course previous to the point of entering. 

CERTIFICATES. 

A certificate is granted to a student who has completed, in any 
department, all work required for a degree together with other 
elective work in the same department. (See under the several 
departments of instruction). 

CONDUCT. 

By order of the Board of Trustees the Faculty is ordered to dis- 
miss from the University any student who is known to engage in 
drinking intoxicating liquors, gambling, hazing in any form, or to 
be guilty of dissolute conduct. 

Students persistently neglectful of duty, or addicted to bois- 
terous conduct or rowdyism, may be requested to leave the Uni- 
versity. 



THE LAW SCHOOL. 



FACULTY. 



EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., LL.D., President, 

and Professor of Political and Social Science. 
JAMES CAMERON MacRAE, LL.D., Professor of Common and 

Statute Law and Equity. 

Associate Professor of Law. 

KEMP PLUMMER BATTLE, LL.D., Professor of Constitutional 

History and, International Law. 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 

The Law School provides two courses of study, each extending 
over a period of one college year. Instruction is given by means 
of text-books, lectures, the study of leading cases, and moot courts. 
Special lectures are given by the resident instructors and by mem- 
bers of the bar on such subjects as have been greatly modified by 
our statutes or by the development of our civilization. The 
courses are as follows : — 

First Year. 

Professor MacRae. 

1. Creasy on the English Constitution. Ewell's Essentials, 3 Vols. 

Manning's Commentaries on Eirst Blackstone with notes 
of North Carolina Cases. Clark on Contracts, Clark on 
Corporations. Junior Class. 

2. Bigelow on Torts. Bispham's Equity. Schouler on Execu- 

tors. First Greenleaf on Evidence. The Code of North 



64 THE LAW SCHOOL 

Carolina. Clark's Code of Civil Procedure. The Consti- 
tution of the United States and that of North Carolina. 
Senior Class. 

The above includes the course prescribed by the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina to be read by candidates for 
license to practice law. 

Second Year. 

Professor MacRae. 

3. Lawson on Bailments. Bigelow or Norton on Bills, Cheques 

and Notes, Dillon on Municipal Corporations. Darling- 
ton, Smith or Brantly on Personal Property. Browne, 
Benjamin or Burdick on Sales. May, Richards or Elliott 
on Insurance. Huffcutt on Agency. Russell on Crimes, 
or Wharton's or Clark's Criminal Law. 

Required of all candidates for the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. 

Other Studies. 

Professor Battle. 

4. Constitutional History and International Law. Two hours a 

week. 

Required of all candidates for the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. 

Professor Alderman. 

5. Political Economy and Social Science. Two hours a week. 

Required of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 



EXAMINATIONS. 

Thorough written examinations are held regularly throughout 
the year on the completion of each subject. A certificate is issued 
to those students who pass with credit on all subjects included in 
courses 1 and 2. 



MOOT COURT 65 

LECTURES. 

From time to time during the terms lectures will be delivered 
before the classes by eminent Judges and Lawyers. 

THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF LAWS. 

The degree of Bachelor of Laws, (LL.B.,) is conferred by the 
University upon candidates who have completed courses 1, 2, 3, 
4 and 5, and have passed all examinations with credit. Two years 
of residence are ordinarily required of all students who desire to 
offer themselves as candidates for the degree. Every candidate 
must submit a thesis on some subject selected by the Senior Pro- 
fessor of Law. 

Applicants for the degree of Bachelor of Laws must be twenty 
years of age, and must have completed an academic course equiva- 
lent to that of the Freshman and Sophomore years in the College. 

MOOT COURT. 

The moot court is an important factor in legal educational meth- 
ods; it familiarizes the student with the practical side of law. It 
is the purpose of the University court to acquaint the student with 
the legal details so necessary to be acquired yet so difficult of ac- 
cess. Regular sessions are held, and every student in the Law 
School has frequent opportu; ity for practice. The work is thor- 
ough and is carried on from the inception of the suit to the final 
judgment in the Appellate Court. The court is held every Satur- 
day night. 

Court of Appeals. 
Judge, Professor MacRae. 



66 THE LAW SCHOOL 

Superior Court. 

Judge, H. C. Cowan. 

Solicitor, W. D. Bizzell. 

Clerk, w. S. Wilson. 

Sheriff, H. M. Candler. 

PECUNIARY AID. 

The Manning Prize. (Established in 1897.) A gold medal is 
offered to that candidate for the degree of Bachelor of Laws who 
shall submit, the best thesis for that degree. 

EXPENSES. 

The fee for tuition in the Law School is one hundred dollars a 
year, one half payable at the beginning of each term, in Septem- 
ber and in January. Students who intend to apply for the degree 
of Bachelor of Laws, or to remain in the class two years can do 
so by paying, in advance, one hundred and fifty dollars. Students 
whose names are sent in to the President by the senior professor 
of law may take the course prescribed by the Supreme Court for 
applicants for license in one term, upon payment of a fee of $75.00. 
Those students taking two terms and paying $100.00, and those stu- 
dents taking one term and paying $75.00 may remain over during 
the months of January or September after the close of the term 
or terms without re-registration. 

Students at the summer session taking the Junior and Senior 
Classes are entitled to the same privilege. A student in the Law 
School has no other fee to pay unless he occupies a University 
room. For assignment of rooms see page 55. 

ADMISSION AND REGISTRATION. 

Candidates for admission into the Law School should present 



THE SUMMER LAW SCHOOL 6*7 

themselves on the same day and at the same hours with candi- 
dates for admission into the College, either in September or Janu- 
ary. Candidates for admission and students already members of 
the school are expected to register according to the regulations on 
page 55. The session of the Law School is of the same length 
with the college year. 

All members of the Law School enjoy the same privileges with 
other students in the University. 



SUMMER SCHOOL. 

During the summer two classes in law are conducted by the pro- 
fessors of this department. The text-books used are the same with 
those required in course 1, prescribed by the Supreme Court. 

The summer session begins on the first day of July and ends on 
the Friday before the last Monday in September. 

The fee for admission into either class is thirty dollars for tui- 
tion, and three dollars for registration ; for admission into both 
classes, sixty dollars for tuition, and three dollars for registration. 
All fees are payable in advance. 



THE MEDICAL SCHOOL. 



FACULTY. 



EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., LL.D., President. 

RICHARD HENRY WHITEHEAD, A.B., M.D., Professor of 
Anatomy and Pathology. 

CHARLES STAPLES MANGUM, A.B., M.D., Professor of Phys- 
iology and Materia Medica. 

FRANCIS PRESTON VENABLE, Ph.D., Professor of Chemis- 
try. 

JOSHUA WALKER GORE, C.E., Professor of Physics. 

HENRY Van PETERS WILSON, Ph.D., Professor of Biology. 

CHARLES BASKERVILLE, Ph.D., Associate Professor of C\wm- 
istry. 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 

For the course of instruction provided by the Medical School all 
those advantages are claimed which are derived from good equip- 
ment and small classes. Each student has the opportunity of see- 
ing- the various demonstrations and experiments, and receives di- 
rect personal instruction. The course extends over a period of 
two college years, and its successful completion entitles student 
to entrance into the third year of high-grade colleges. In the 
first year the following subjects are studied : Physics, General 
Chemistry, General Biology, Histology, Physiology, and Anato- 
my. In the second year : Medical Chemistry, Embryology, Anat- 
omy, Minor Surgery, Physiology, Materia Medica, and Pathology, 
including Bacteriology. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 69 

Physics. 

Professor GORE. 

1. Elementary course. The fundamental facts of physics pre- 
sented, and the general laws illustrated by experiments. 

Chemistry. 

Professor Venable. 

1. General Desci'iptive Chemistry. 

The elements are taken up in their order and described. 
This study is followed by the laws of combination and the 
compounds formed. The latter part of the course is taken 
up with organic chemistry. 

Associate Professor Baskerville. 

2. Qualitative Analysis. Fall term. 

The student is made to perform all the usual tests for the or- 
dinary elements and compounds, so as to become familiar 
with them and be able to analyze qualitatively the ordi- 
nary substances met with. 

3. Toxicology and Urinary Analysis. Spring term. 

The nature and action of common poisons are studied and 
practice is given in the tests for them. The latter part of 
the course consists in qualitative and, in part, quantitative 
analysis of the urine followed by the microscopic examina- 
tions of urinary sediments. 

Biology. 

In the biological courses some record of each day's work is kept 
by the student. This record consists chiefly of sketches made di- 
rectly from the dissection or the preparations under the micro- 
scope. The importance of making a figure (even a poor one) of the 
object under study, cannot be overestimated as an aid to observa- 
tion. In addition to the usual written examinations, practical ex- 
aminations on the work done in the laboratory are held. 

Professor Wilson. 
1. General Biology. 

Representative types of the great groups of animals are 



70 THE MEDICAL SCHOOL 

dissected and studied microscopically. The forms range 
on the one side from the unicellular animals to the verte- 
brates, and on the other from the unicellular plants to the 
flowering plants. The structure of the cell and the 
nucleus, and the changes of the latter during division are 
included in this course. In the lectures the forms to be 
studied are briefly described, their relations are pointed 
out, and the principles which they illustrate are explained. 
The fundamental facts concerning living things are thus 
learned directly from nature in such a way as to develop 
the power of accurate observation, skill in handling instru- 
ments, and method in the recording of notes. 

2. Vertebrate Histology. 

The principal tissues and organs of the vertebrate body are 
here studied by the refined methods of modern micro- 
scopy. Whenever profitable, the living tissue is first ex- 
amined. Both parafin and celloidin sections are em- 
ployed, the staining and mounting being done by each 
member of the class. 

3. Vertebrate Embryology. 

The main facts in the development of a vertebrate animal 
are here worked out by the student for himself with the 
aid of explanatory lectures. A brief survey of the early 
stages of development, including fertilization, segmenta- 
tion, and the formation of Lhe germ layers is first made, 
after which the origin and development of the typical ver- 
tebrate organs is followed out in some detail in chick em- 
bryos. In addition the foetal membranes of some mam- 
malian embryo are examined. The embedding, section- 
cutting, staining, mounting are all done by the student, 
so that in this and the preceding section a useful knowl- 
edge of microscopic technique is acquired. 



Anatomy. 

Professor Whitehead. 

First Year. 

1. Anatomy. 

During the first year the study of this subject proceeds by 
systems, first the bones, then the muscles, etc. The stu- 
dent does much of the dissection for himself under the close 
supervision of the instructor ; the more difficult dissections 
are made for him. Daily demonstrations and examina- 
tions on the skeleton or cadavor are held, and numerous 
practical examinations are required. The aim of the in- 
structor is to induce the student to go directly to nature 
for his facts, and to acquire familiarity with them by con- 
stantly seeing and handling them, thus obtaining knowl- 
edge which will be useful and abiding. 



courses of instruction 71 

Second Year. 



2. Anatomy. 



During the second year, the student does all the dissecting, 
and studies the body by l-egions rather than by systems, 
and is quizzed daily on the parts he dissects. Thus the 
student is made to investigate, see, and verify for himself 
the truths of anatomy as they exist in nature and not in 
diagrams and pictures. 



Physiology, Materia Medica, and Surgery. 

Professor Mangum. 

1. Physiology. 

The system of teaching is by text-books, lectures, and quiz- 
zes. Special attention is given to the nervous and. diges- 
tive systems, and the practical bearings of physiological 
facts are pointed out. 

2. Materia Medica. 

This embraces the study of the geographical and botanical 
sources of drugs and the physiological and toxic effects of 
remedies. The indications for their use are briefly ex- 
plained. 

3. Minor Surgery. 

Under this head instruction is given in the application of 
bandages, and of splints, and in the modern methods of 
dressing wounds. 

Pathology. 

Professor Whitehead. 

1. Bacteriology. 

The student learns by practical experience the methods of 
cultivating, staining and identifying the principal bac- 
teria, and their pathological significance is explained by 
lectures and demonstrations by inoculation of animals. In 
this way the chief pathogenic bacteria are studied in pure 
culture on the various media, after which the methods of 
obtaining pure cultures from mixtures of bacteria are 
learned. The necessary manipulations are carried out by 
the students, who thus obtain a practical knowledge of the 
subject which can be gained in no other way. 

2. A short course in the methods of examining normal and patho- 

logical blood. 



72 THE MEDICAL SCHOOL 

3. Pathological Histology. 

In this course the various changes which may be produced 
iu the tissues as a result of disease are discussed in lectures 
and studied by means of the microscope. The laboratory 
is especially well provided with pathological material. 
Each student stains, mounts, and studies a large number 
of sections extending over almost the whole range of pa- 
thology. The sections become the property of the student, 
and are of much use afterwards. The laboratory con- 
tains a a library of standard works. 



REQUIREMENTS FOR MATRICULATION. 

In accordance with the rules of the Association of American 
Medical Colleges, of which association this School is a member, 
students desiring to matriculate will be required, except under 
the circumstances noted hereafter, to pass the following entrance 
examination : 

1. In English, a composition on some subject of general interest, 
which must be written by the applicant at the time of examina- 
tion, and must contain at least 200 words. - 

2. In Arithmetic, such questions as will show a thorough knowl- 
edge of common and decimal fractions, compound numbers, ratio, 
and proportion. 

3. In Algebra, questions covering the fundamental operations, 
factoring, and simple quadratic equations. 

4. In Latin, an examination upon such elementary work as the 
student may offer showing a familiarity usually attained by one 
year of study. 

In place of this examination or any part of it the official certifi- 
cates of reputable literary and scientific colleges, normal schools, 
academies, and high schools will be accepted. 

Students who are unable to pass the above entrance examination 
or any part of it may matriculate, but the deficiencies must be 
made up before entering the second year. For such deficient 
students instruction will be provided without additional tuition 
fees. 



ADMISSION AND REGISTRATION 73 

PECUNIARY AID. 

The Harris Prize. (Established in 1895.) Mrs. T. W. Harris 
offers, in honor of the late Dr. T. W. Harris, a pocket case of instru- 
ments to that student who shall make the best grade in Anatomy. 

The Wood Scholarship. (Established in 1895.) Mrs. Mary 
Sprunt Wood, of Wilmington, has founded, in memory of her late 
husband, Dr. Thomas Fanning Wood, a scholarship of the value 
of ninety dollors. 

EXPENSES. 

The fee for tuition in the Medical School is ninety dollars a year, 
one half payable at the beginning of each term, in September and 
in January. Small laboratory fees are required in Histology, Bi- 
ology. Medical Chemistry and Embryology. A student in the 
Medical School has no other fee to pay unless he occupy a Univer- 
sity room. For assignment of rooms see page 55. 

ADMISSION AND REGISTRATION. 

Candidates for admission into the Medical School should present 
themselves on the same days and at the same hours with candi- 
dates for admission into the College. Candidates for admission 
and students already members of the school are expected to reg- 
ister according to the regulations on page 55. The session of the 
Medical School is of the same length with the college year. 

All members of the Medical School enjoy the same privileges 
with other students in the University. 



THE SCHOOL OF PHAEMAOY. 



FACULTY. 



EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., LL.D., President. 

EDWARD VERNON HOWELL, A.B., Ph.G., Professor of Phar- 
macy. 

FRANCIS PRESTON VENABLE, Ph.D., Professor of Chemis- 
try. 

JOSHUA WALKER GORE, C.E., Professor of Physics. 

HENRY van PETERS WILSON, Ph.D., Professor of Biology. 

CHARLES STAPLES MANGUM, A.B., M.D., Professor of Ma- 
teria Medica. 

CHARLES BASKERVILLE, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chem- 
istry. 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 

The School of Pharmacy offers instruction extending' over a per- 
iod of two college years. The courses are as follows : — 

First Year. 
Pharmaceutics. 

Professor Howell. 

1. Theory and Practice of Pharmacy. Five hours a iceek. 

2. Practical Course in Operative Pharmacy. Two hours once a 

week. 

Physics. 

Professor Gore. 
1. Elementary Physics. Two hours a week. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 75 

Chemistry. 

Professor VENABLE. 
1. Experimental Chemistry. Lectures, with laboratory work. 
Three hours a xoeek. 

Biology. 

Professor Wilson. 
1. Elements of Physiology. Lectures, with laboratory work. 
Three hours a week {foil term). 

Pharmaceutical Botany. 

Professor Howell. 
1. Pharmaceutical Botany. Three hours a week (spring term). 

Quizzes. 

Professor Howell. 
1. Specimen Quizzes. One hour a week. 

Second Year. 
Pharmaceutics. 

Professor HOWELL. 

1. Theory and Practice of Pharmacy. Five Jwurs a week. 

2. Practical Course in Operative Pharmacy. Two hours once a, 

week. 

Chemistry. 

Associate Professor Baskerville. 

1. Analytical Chemistry, Toxicology and Urinary Analysis. Two 
hours a week. 

Biology. 

Professor Wilson. 

1. General Biology. Lectures, with laboratory work. Three 
hours a week. 



76 THE SCHOOL OF PHAKMACY 

Materia Medica. 

Professor Howell. 

1. Materia Medica. Tlired hours a week {fall term). 

Professor Mangum. 

2. Materia Medica. Five hours a week (spring term). 

LABORATORIES. 

A description of the physieai, chemical, and biological labora- 
tories will be found elsewhere in the catalogue. A special labor- 
atory is placed at the service of the students in Pharmacy. This 
is fitted up with desks, tables, gas, water, and such apparatus and 
materials as are necessary for the prosecution of their work. 

The department also has a special Library and Reading-room, 
well supplied with the leading periodicals and standard works on 
Pharmacy. 

EXPENSES. 

The fee for tuition in the School of Pharmacy is seventy-five 
dollars a year, one half payable at the beginning of each term, in 
September and in January. There is a charge of five dollars a 
term for registration in addition to the fee for tuition. A student 
in the School of Pharmacy has no other fee to pay unless he occu- 
py a University room. For assignment of rooms see page 55. 

ADMISSION AND REGISTRATION. 

Candidates for admission into the School of Pharmacy should 
present themselves on the same days and at the same hours with 
candidates for admission into the College. Candidates for admis- 
sion and students already members of the school are expected to 
register according to the regulations on page 55. The session of 
the School of Pharmacy is the same length with the college year. 

All members of the School of Pharmacy enjoy the same privi- 
leges with other students in the University. 



STUDENTS (1899-1900). 



Graduates. 



Name. Year. Residence. 

Allen, Arch Turner, First, Statesville. 

Ph.B., 1897. Pedagogy, Physics, English. Non resident. 

Brown, Charles Conner, First, Cottonwood. 

A.B.. 1899. English, Philosophy, History. Non resident. 

Bunn, James Phillips, First, Rocky Mount. 

S.B., 1899. Chemistry. 

Canada, Charles Stafford, First, Chapel Hill. 

Ph.B., 1899. English, Geology. 

Canada, John William, Third, Chapel Hill. 

A.B., 1896. English, Greek, German. 

Creekmore, Thomas Judson, First, Saluda, S. C. 

A.B., 1897. Greek, Latin, English. Non resident. 

Currie, William Pinkney Martin, Second, Carthage. 

A.B., 1894. Greek, Pedagogy, Philosophy. Nonresident. 

Denson, Claude Baker, Jr., First, Raleigh. 

A.B., 1899. Latin, French, German. Non resident. 

Dozier, Jesse Knight, First, Tilton. N. H. 

A.B., 1899. Latin, French, English. Non resident. 

Henderson, Archibald, Second, Chapel HilL 

A.B., 1898. Instructor in Mathematics. Mathematics, French, Latin. 

Holmes, Howard Braxton. First, Asheboro. 

A.B., 1899. English. French, Latin. Non resident. 

Howell, Edward Vernon, Third, Chapel Hill. 

A.B., (Wake Forest College) 1892. Ph.G., (Philadelphia College of 
Pharmacy) 1894. Professor of Pharmacy. Chemistry, Botany, Min- 
eralogy. 

Hume, Thomas, Jr.. First, Chapel Hill. 

English. Latin. Philosophy. 

Johnston, Charles Hughes, First, Mebane. 

A.B., 1898. English. Latin, Pedagogy. Non resident. 

Latta, James Edward. First, Durham. 

Ph.B., 1899. Mathematics, Chemistry, Philosophy. 



78 



STUDENTS 



Concord. 



First, 

Non resident. 

Third, Chapel Hill. 

Instructor in Modern Languages. French, Ger 

Camden, S. C. 

Charlotte. 

Columbus, Ga. 
Non resident. 

Chapel Hill, 
lophy, History. 

Saxapahaw. 

Crisp. 

Hickory. 

Chapel Hill. 
Greek, English, Phil- 



Lent z, Jay Dick, 

Litt.B., 1897. History, Latin 

May, Samuel, 

A.B., (Harvard) 1896. 
man, English. 

Mills, James Edward, First, 

A.B.. (Davidson College) 1896. Chemistry. 

Osborne, Francis Moore, First, 

A.B., 1899. Philosophy, English, History. 

Slade, William Bonner, Third, 

A.B., 1880. Latin, French, Political Science 

Smith, William Cunningham, First, 

Ph.B., 1896. Instructor in English. English, Philosophy, History 

Stockard, Sallie Walker, First, 

A.B., 1898. English, Greek. Philosophy. 

Webb, John Frederick, Second, 

A.B.. 1898. Greek, Latin, German. Non resident 

Whitener. Robert Vance, Third, 

A. B.. 1897. English, Latin. Nonresident. 

Wilson, Nathan Hunt Daniel, Third, 

A.B., 1886. B.D., (Vanderbilt University) 1890. 
osophy . 

Wilson, Louis Round, First, Scotland Neck. 

A.B., 1899. English, German, Latin. Non resident. 

26 



Senior Class. 



Name. 
Adams, Stonewall Jackson, 
Allison, Thomas Tillett, 
Anderson, Halcott, 
Asbury, Joseph Jennings, 
Barwick, Allen Johnson, 
Berkeley, Alfred Rives, 
Bernard, William Stanley, 
Branch, Lester VanNoy. 
Bryan, William Prank. 
Byerly, Thomas Jefferson, 
Chadbourn, George, 



Course. 


Residence. 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


Arts. 


Charlotte. 


Arts, 


Pensacola, Fla. 


Arts. 


Charlotte. 


Philosophy, 


Grifton. 


Arts, 


Atlanta, Ga. 


Arts, 


Greenville. 


Science, 


. Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Phihsophy, 


Goldsboro. 


PhUoaopky, 


Yadkin College, 


Science, 


Wilmington. 



8KNIOK CLASS 



79 



Cheatham, Thaddeus Ainsley, Arts, Henderson. 

Coffey, George Nelson. Philasoplvy, Patterson. 

Cowles, Hem-y Clay, Jr., Arts, Statesville. 

Curtis, Nathaniel Cortlandt. Philosophy, Southport. 

Davis, Harvey Lewis. Science, High Point. 

Davis, Robert Greene Singleton, -Arts, Henderson. 

Eley, Peter Hardin. Arts, Williston, Tenn. 

Gant, Joseph Erwin. Science, Burlington. 

Graves, Ernest, Arts, Chapel Hill. 

Greening, John Wesley. Arts, Rolesville. 

Harris, Isaac Foust, Science, Chapel Hill. 

Hearn, Williamson Edward. Science, Chapel Hill. 

Hinsdale, John Wetmore, Jr.. Philosophy, Raleigh. 

Hoell, Charles Franklin. Arts, Aurora. 

Hollowell, Frank Whiteley. Philosophy, Elizabeth City. 

Hume, Thomas, Jr., Arts, Chapel Hill. 

Jarratt, Augustus Henry. Science, Mana. 

** Jones, Alice Edwards, Philosophy, Goldsboro. 

Jones, Thaddeus Winfield, Jr., Science. Acton, 

v Latham, Marcia Louise, Science. Plymouth. 

Lewis, Kemp Plummer, Arts, Raleigh. 

Lockhart, James Alexander. Jr., Arts, Wadesboro. 

Massey, James Buckner, Arts, Fort Mill, S. C. 

Miller, Claude Lee, Philosophy, Shelby. 

Moore, John Augustus, Philosophy, Littleton. 

Neville, Ernest Long, Philosophy, Chapel Hill. 

Parker, David Preston. Arts, Benson. 

Reynolds, Henry Harry, Philosophy, Winston. 

Rice, Thomas Donnelly, Philosophy, Sydney, Fla. 

Rose, Charles Grandison, Arts, Fayetteville. 

Ross, John Kirkland, Arts, Charlotte. 
V Staley, Bessie, A.B., 

{Elon Collet/e) 1898, Arts, Franklinton. 

Summers, Everett Doggett. PH.B., 

(Elon College) 3899, Philosophy, Gibsonville. 

Thompson, Charles Everett, Philosophy, Elizabeth City. 

Ward, Needham Erastus, Philosophy, Wilson. 



80 


STUDENTS 




Watkins, Fonso Butler, 


Philosophy, 


Rutherford ton, 


Wharton, William Gilmer, 


Arts, 


Greensboro. 


Wilson, Henry Evan Davis, 


Philosophy, 


Chapel Hill. 


Woodard, Graham, 


Letters, 


Wilson. 
50 


Junior Class. 


- 


Alexander, Eben, Jr., 


Arts, 


Chapel Hill. 


Atkinson, Jasper Sidney, 


Science, 


Siloam. 


Avent, Joseph Emery, 


Arts, 


Method. 


Bateman, Herbert Dalton, 


Philosophy, 


Plymouth. 


Bell, Benjamin, Jr., 


Science, 


Wilmington. 


Brooks, Baird Urquhart, 


Science, 


Nashville. 


Bryant, Pegram Ardrey, 


Philosophy, 


Ardreys. 


Busbee, Philip Hall, 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


Cobb, Lucy Maria, 


Science, 


Chapel Hill. 


Cobb, Palmer, 


Arts, 


Danville, Va. 


Coble, Charles Paul, 


Arts, 


Gilmers Store. 


Conley, James Robert, 


Philosophy, 


Lenoir. 


Cowper, George Vernon, 


Science, 


Winton. 


Daniel, Zebulon Vance, 


Philosophy, 


Bringles. 


Davis, Royal Oscar Eugene, 


Philosophy, 


Chester, S. C. 


Ehringhaus, John C. B., 


Arts, 


Elizabeth City. 


Gibson, William Henry, 


Science, 


Concord. 


Graham, Archibald Wright, 


Arts, 


Charlotte. 


Gudger, Emmet Carlyle, 


Arts, 


Asheville. 


Hall, James King, - 


Arts, 


Dun lap. 


Hardin, Arthur Worth, 


Philosophy, 


Sutherland. 


Harrington, Wilton Daniel, 


Arts, 


Jesup. 


Harris, John Lory, 


Philosophy, 


Elizabeth City. 


Hill, Thomas Jefferson, 


Arts, 


Wehutty. 


Hobbs, Julius Charles, Jr. , 


Philosophy, 


Hobton. 


Jenkins, Robert Franklin, 


Philosophy, 


Ayden. 


Johnson, Luren Thomas, 


Philosophy, 


Ingold. 


Klugh, Bethune Glass, 


Science, 


Coronaca, S. C. 



SOPHOMORE CLASS 



81 



Lindsay, Seaton Gales, 
Mcintosh. Milton, 
Mclver, Claude Robertson, 
Makely, Metrah, Jr., 
Murphy, John Gerald, 
Murphy, William Alexander, 
Porter, Robert Edwin, 
Post, James Francis, Jr., Jr., 
Rierson, Frank Clayton, 
Root. Aldert Smedes, 
Robertson. John Avera. 
St. Clair, Donald Lawrence, 
Satterfield, Robert Samuel, 
Skinner, Benjamin Smith, 
Stevens, Luke Leary, 
Stevenson, William McLelland, 
Stokes, John Frank, 
Swift, Wiley Hampton, 
Swink, David Maxwell, 
Tart, Braston Isaiah, 
Thigpen, Kenneth Bayard, 
Thompson, Dorman Steele, 
Turrentine, John William, 
Weil, Herman, 
Whitehead, William Bynum, 
Willis, Emmett Clive, 
Woltz, Albert Edgar, 



Philosophy, 


Lindsay. 


Arts, 


Laurinburg. 


Philosophy, 


Greensboro. 


Arts, 


Edenton. 


Science, 


Atkinson. 


Arts, 


Morganton. 


Philosophy, 


Greensboro. 


Science, 


Wilmington. 


Science, 


Winston. 


Science, 


Raleigh. 


Letters, 


Clayton. 


Science, 


Sanford. 


Science, 


Mt. Airy. 


Philosophy, 


Hertford. 


Philosophy, 


Shiloh. 


Arts, 


Mooresville. 


Philosophy, 


Greenville. 


Philosophy, 


Amantha. 


Science, 


Winston-Salem 


Arts, 


Blackmans 


Arts, 


Conetoe. [Mills 


Philosophy, 


Statesville. 


Philosophy, 


Burlington. 


Science, 


Goldsboro. 


Science, 


Wilson. 


Philosophy, 


Grermanton. 


Science, 


Dobson. * 




55 



Sophomore Class. 



Adams, Thaddeus Awasaw, Philosophy, Finch. 

Alexander, John Howard, Arts, Chapel Hill. 

At water, Carney Bynum, Philosophy, Chapel Hill. 

Ballard, David Clark, Philosophy, Louisburg. 

Basnight, Tom Gray, Philosophy, Scuppernong. 



82 



Blue, William Alexander, 
Brem, Tod Robinson, 
Burgess, James Layfayette, 
-Byrnes, Charles Metcalfe, 
Carr, Albert Marvin, 
Champion, John Dixon, 
Cheshire, Joseph Blount, Jr., 
Cobb, Edward Barham, 
Conley, Ralph Perkins, 
Cook, James Sion, 
Dowd, Orren Wesley, 
Drane, Brent Skinner, 
Duffy, Richard Nixon, 
Duncan, Julius Fletcher, 
Elliott, Madison Lee, 
Everett, Simon Justus, 
Everett, Reuben Oscar, 
Fetter, Samuel Prichard, 
Foust, Thomas Bledsoe, 
Gibson, John Shaw, 
Gibson, Richard Puryear, 
Goodman, Louis, 
Gregory, Quentin, 
Gulley, Edwin Kerr, 
Henderson, John Steele, Jr., 
Highsmith, Chancy, 
Hutchison, Robert Stuart, 
Kelly, Fred Griffin, 
Kerley, Alonzo Commodore, 
Kerr, Basley Graves, 
' V -Lemly, Fred Henry, 
Lewis, Ivey Foreman, 
Lichtenthaeler, Robert Arthur, 
McFadyen, Henry Richard, 
Mclver, Evan Gordon, 
Maddry, Charles Edward, 



STUDENTS 




Science, 


Aberdeen. 


Philosophy, 


Charlotte. 


Science, 


Liberty. 


Science, 


Natchez, Miss. 


Science, 


Durham. 


Arts, 


Chalk Level. 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


Philosophy, 


Wilson. 


Philosophy, 


Lenoir. 


Arts, 


Stokesdale. 


Arts, 


Carbonton. 


Arts, 


Edenton. 


Arts, 


New Bern. 


Arts, 


Beaufort. 


Ph ilosophy, 


Cuba. 


Philosophy, 


Palmyra. 


Philosophy, 


Palmyra. 


Philosophy, 


Wadesboro. 


Philosophy, 


Winston. 


Philosophy, 


Adamsville,S.C 


Philosophy, 


Concord. 


Science, 


Wilmington. 


Arts, 


Halifax. 


Science, 


Goldsboro. 


Arts, 


Salisbury. 


Philosophy, 


Maitland. 


Philosophy, 


( ,'harlotte. 


Science, 


Henderson. 


Arts, 


Morganton. 


Philosophy, 


Yancey ville. 


Science, 


Winston-Salem, 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


ur, Science, 


Salem. 


Arts, 


Clarkton. 


Science, 


Gulf. 


Philosophy, 


Chapel Hill. 



FRESHMAN CLASS 



83 



Means, Gaston Bullock, 


Philosophy, 


Concord. 


Merritt, Robert Amsei, 


Aii-ts, 


Chapel Hill. 


Oliver. Thomas Clifford, 


Science, 


Charlotte. 


Palmer, Charles Christian. 


Arts, 


Gulf. 


Pearson, Walter Malett, 


Philosophy, 


Bradleys Store. 


Prior, Warren Stebbins. Jr.. 


Philosophy, 


Fayette ville. 


Reynolds, Joseph Roscoe. 


Arts, 


Ora. 


Roberts, Guy Vernon. 


Philosophy, 


Walnut Run. 


Robins, Henry Moring. 


Philosophy, 


Asheboro. 


Sallenger, Edward Duncan, 


Philosophy, 


Sans Souci. 


Smith, James Thomas, 


Arts, 


Pineville. 


Stafford, William Faris, 


Arts, 


Burlington. 


Stephens, Kemp Battle, 


Science, 


Chapel Hill. 


Stern. David Pony, 


Philosophy, 


Scotland Neck. 


Stevens, Harry Pelham, 


Philosophy, 


Goldsboro. 


Stevenson, Reston, 


Arts, 


Wilmington. 


Swain, John Edward. 


Philosophy, 


Democrat. 


Thompson, Oran Stedman, 


Science, 


Raleigh. 


Vann, Aldridge Henley, 


Science, 


Franklinton. 


Whitehurst, Harold, 


Arts, 


New Bern. 


Willcox, John, 


Arts, 


Carbonton. 


Willcox, Jesse Womble, 


Philosophy, 


Putnam. 


Williams, Buxton Barker, 


Arts, 


Ridgeway. 


Williams, Robert Ransom. 


Arts, 


Newton. 


Winston, Patrick Henry, 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


Woodward. William Sadoc, 


Science, 


Raleigh. 
67 



Freshman Class. 



Ahrens, Adolph George, 
Andrews, Graham Harris, 
Aycock. Charles Brantly, Jr. 
Berkeley, Green Ramsey, 
Best, Benjamin Spencer, 
Bobbitt. Benjamin Boisseau. 



Science, 


Wilmington. 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


Philosophy, 


Goldsboro. 


Arts, 


Atlanta, Ga. 


Philosophy, 


Quinerly. 


Arts, 


Stallings. 



84 



STUDENTS 



Bonner, Kemp Plummer Battle, Science, Aurora. 

Bridgers, Burke Haywood, Philosophy, Wilmington. 

Broadhurst, Hugh Hunt, Philosophy, Goldsboro. 

Bynum, Curtis Ashley, Philosophy, Lineolnton. 

Bynum, Frederic Williamson, Arts, Pittsboro. 

Cain, Walter, Philosophy, Asheville. 

Calder, Milton, Philosophy, Wilmington. 

Capehart, William Rhodes, Jr., Philosophy, Avoca. 

Carr, William Frederick, Philosophy, Durham. 

Gates, Claude Holt, Philosophy, Varina. 

Cauble, David Zimri, Philosophy, Reepsville. 

Chisman, William Wade, Philosophy, Pine Hall. 

Clement, Edward Beuhler, Science, Salisbury. 

Clement, Hayden, Philosophy, Salisbury. 

Collins, Robert Beatty, Philosophy, Dixie. 

Crawford, James Gordon. Science, Franklin. 

Crosswell, James Jenkins, Science, Fayetteville. 

Cumming, Preston, Jr., Philosophy, Wilmington. 

Davenport, Enoch, Philosophy, Plymouth. 

Dewey, Thomas Augustus, Philosophy, Goldsboro. 

Faison, Haywood Renick, Science, Wilmington. 

Ferrell, John Atkinson, Science, Clinton. 

Foust, Frank Lee, Science, Graham. 

Gallaway, Gaston Gilbert, Philosophy, Mt. Airy. 

Gant, Kenneth, Science, Burlington. 

Gilmore, Willis Dowd, Philosophy, Goldston. 

Glenn, Marshall Renfro, Philosophy, Asheville. 

Goodman, Joseph Charles, Philosophy, Beaver Creek. 

Goodman, James Orval, Philosophy, Beaver Creek. 

Gordon, William Jones, Arts, Wilmington. 

Gorham, Richard Speight, Science, Rocky Mount. 

Graham, George Washington, Jr., Science, Charlotte. 

Graves, Louis, Arts, Chapel Hill. 

Gwyn, Thomas Lenoir, Philosophy, Springdale. 

Hamblin, John Knapp, Philosophy, Magnolia. 

Hanes, Alexander Stephens, Science, Winston. 



FRESHMAN CLA88 



85 



Hassell, Francis Sylvester, 
Hawes, Edmund Alexander, Jr., 
Haywood, Alfred Williams, Jr., 
Heard, Willis Otter, 
Hendrix, John Walter, 
Herring, Robert Withington, 
Holland, Hazel, 
Holt, Earle Pendleton, 
Holt, Thomas Jefferson, 
Horner, James Wiley, 
Hovis, Leighton Watson, 
Howard, Wade Hampton, 
Howell, Robert Philip, Jr., 
Hughes, Nicholas Collin, Jr., 
Huske, Bartholomew Fuller, 
Jonas, Charles Andrew, 
Jones, Harry Murray, 
Jones, George Lyle, 
Judd, Zebulon Vance, 
Justice, James Monroe, 
Kerner, Frank Fleurnoy, 
Lamb, Richard Benbury Creecy, 
Lattimore, John Broadus, 
Lockhart, Samuel Paul, 
Lockhart, Luther Bynum, 
London, John Jackson, 
Long, Benjamin Franklin, Jr., 
Lucas, Henry Gaillard, 
Lyon, William Elkanah, 
McAden, John Henry, Jr., 
McDiarmid, Thomas Norment, 
McFadyen, Colin, 
McLean, Sylvester Brown, 
McMullan, John Henry, Jr., 
McNeeley, Sam Egbert, 
McNeill, George McKay, 
Maddry, James Alexander, 



Arts, 


Williamston. 


Philosophy, 


Atkinson. 


Arts, 


Raleigh. 


Philosophy, 


Charlotte. 


Science, 


Elkin. 


Philosophy, 


Bland. 


Science, 


Charlotte. 


Philosophy, 


Oak Ridge. 


Science, 


Smithfield. 


Philosophy, 


Henderson. 


Philosophy, 


Charlotte. 


Philosophy, 


Roseboro. 


Science, 


Goldsboro. 


Arts, 


Chocowinity. 


Arts, 


Fayetteville. 


Philosophy, 


Reepsville. 


Arts, 


Franklin. 


Arts, 


Franklin. 


Philosophy, 


Enno. 


Philosophy, 


Hendersonville, 


Arts, 


Kernersville. 


Philosophy, 


Elizabeth City. 


Science, 


Lattimore. 


Science, 


University Sta 


Philosophy, 


<< u 


Arts, 


Pittsboro. 


Philosophy, 


Statesville. 


Philosophy, 


Charlotte. 


Science, 


Hester. 


Arts, 


Charlotte. 


Arts, 


Lumberton. 


Arts, 


Cameron. 


Philosophy, 


Maxton. 


Science, 


Edenton. 


Science, 


Mooresville. 


Science, 


Rowland. 


Science, 


Chapel Hill. 



STUDENTS 



Morehead, James Lathrop, Philosophy, Durham. 

Morrow, Rufus Clegg, Arts. Oaks. 

Murphy, Edwin Edgar, Science, Atkinson. 

Nichols, James Jackson, Philosophy, Asheville. 

Oldham, Wade Hampton, Science, Teer. 

Palmer, Jude, Philosophy, Gulf. 

Parker, John William, Science, Smithfield. 

Patton, Francis McLeod, Science, Asheville. 

Peirce, Thomas Buckner, Jr., Philosophy, Warsaw. 

Ramsey, Joseph Bunn, Philosophy, Rocky Mount. 

Raney, Prank Tilley, Philosophy, Chapel Hill. 

Rankin, Frank Bisaner, Arts, Stanly. 

Rankin, Lamar, Science, Atlanta, Ga. 

Ricaud, Robert Barry, Science, Bennettsville, 

Rice, Wilbur Calhoun, Science, Sidney, Fla.[S.C. 

Rollins, Eugene Marvin, Philosophy, Enno. 

Ross, Thomas Howard, Science, Charlotte. 

Rountree, Jack Robert, Arts, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Scott, George Musgrave, Jr., Philosophy, Elizabeth City. 

Short, Henry Blount, Jr., Arts, LakeWacamaw. 

Sibley, Guy Clarence, Science, Louisville, Ky. 

Skinner, Joshua John, Science, Hertford. 

Smathers, William Frank, Science, Waynesville. 

Spell, Amos Purdie, Philosophy, Chance. 

Stringfield, Samuel Lanair, Science, Waynesville. 

Thorp, James Battle, Science, Rocky Mount. 

Tomlinson, Jacob, Science, Wilson. 

Turner, Henry Gray, Arts, Raleigh. 

Urquhart, Burges, Jr., Arts, Lewiston. 

Uzzell, Floyd Harold, Philosophy, Goldsboro. 

Wainwright, Eric Ross, Philosophy, Bowmans Bluff. 

Ward, George, Philosophy, Safe. 

Webb, John Cox, Arts, Hillsboro. 

Webb, Whitmel Hill, Arts, Hillsboro. 

Whitaker, William Asbury, Philosophy, Winston. 

Witehead, James Samuel, Philosophy, Wilson. 



OPTIONAL STUDENTS 



87 



Whitley, Henry Thomas, Science, 

Willcox, George William, Philosophy, 

Wood, Walter Poole, Arts, 

Worth, George Cunningham, Science, 

Yandle, Lawrence Sadler, Philosophy, 

Yarbrough, Zachriah Thomas, Science, 



Fremont. 
Carbonton. 
Elizabeth City. 
Asheboro. 
Davenport. 
Locust Hill. 
121 



Optional Students. 



Name. 
Abernethy, Claude Oliver, 
Abernethy, Eric Alonzo, 
Alexander, Emory Graham, 
Barnes, Benjamin Shaw, 
Battle, William Kemp, 
Bellamy. William McKay. 
Bennett, Frank, Jr., 
Bitting, Numa Duncan, 
Blackman, Neill Robert, 
Brooks, Julius Caesar, 
Brown, Jennings Caney, 
Burke, Maggie Clement, 
Bynum, Minna Curtis, 
Calder, James William, 
Cannon, Claudius Lillington, 
Cowper, Bayard Thurman, 
Craig, John Moore, 
Crisp, Roby Sylvester. 
Davis, William, 
Ford. Edward Stegall, 
Godwin, Robert Linn, 
Harding, Walter Frederick. 
Holmes, Andrew Allgood, 
Jones, Leah Donnell. 
Joyner, Edmund Noah, Jr., 



Year. 


Residence. 


Third, 


Enfield. 


Third, 


Chapel Hill. 


Second, 


Charlotte. 


First, 


Greensboro. 


Third, 


Raleigh. 


First, 


Wilmington. 


Third, 


Wadesboro. 


First, 


Rural Hall. 


Third, 


Jesup. 


Second, 


Marshville. 


Second, 


Asheville. 


First, 


Mocksville. 


First, 


Lincolnton. 


Second, 


Charlotte. 


Second, 


Ayden. 


Third, 


Gatesville. 


First, 


Gastonia. 


Second, 


Glenburnie. 


Third, 


St. Pauls. 


Second, 


Louisburg. 


Second, 


Dunn. 


First, 


Johnsons Mills. 


Third, 


Atlanta, Ga. 


First, 


New Bern. 


Second, 


Columbia, S. C. 



88 

Kluttz, Whitehead, 
Lambeth, Harvey Allen, 
Lassiter, Robert Gilliam, 
Lillard, David Wiley, 
Macdonald, Caroline, 
Mclver, James Harry, 
MacRae, Cameron, 
Martin, Joseph Bonaparte, 
Monroe, Stansbury Martain, 
Moses, Susan Williams, 
Qttinger, Charles Albert, 
Owen, Walter Benton, 
Pearson, Joseph Edmund, 
Person, Edgar Cooper, 
Reynolds, George Spears, 
Rhyne, Henry Abel, 
Richardson, Pinckney Watt, 
Robinson, Billie, 
Sapp, Charles Wesley, 
Shore, Clarence Albert, 
Singletary, Neill Monroe, 
Speas, Wesley Bethel. 
Stacy, Marvin Hendrix, 
Thompson, Loy Durant, 
Wall, Henry Clay, 
Weller, Hubert Raymond, 
Worth, Thomas Clarkson, 



STUDENTS 




Second, 


Salisbury. 


Second, 


Fayetteville. 


First, 


Oxford. 


First, 


Creston. 


First, 


Goldsboro. 


Second, 


Greensboro. 


Third, 


Chapel Hill. 


Third, 


Chapel Hill. 


Second, 


Fayetteville. 


Second, 


Raleigh. 


Third, 


Asheville. 


Second, 


Liberty. 


First, 


Riggsbee. 


First, 


Pikeville. 


First, 


Asheville. 


First, 


Mt. Holly. 


, First, 


Reidsville. 


Second, 


Taylors Bridge 


First, 


Kernersville. 


Third, 


Salem. 


First, 


Clarktou. 


Third, 


Vienna. 


First, 


Morvin. 


First, 


Stanley. 


Second, 


Rockingham. 


First, 


Weldon. 


Second, 


Asheboro. 




52 



Students in Law. 
Seco7id Year. 



Name. 
Guningham, Herbert Banatiue, J 
t In attendance at both sessions. 



Residence. 
Cuningham. 



STUDENTS IN LAW 



MacRae, James Cameron, Jr., 
Shull, Samuel Eakin, 



89 

Fayetteville. 
Stroudsburg,Pa. 



First Year. 



Baker, William Avren, t Asheville. 

Barnhill, Roscoe Thomas, Enfield. 

Bivins, James Daniel, t Albemarle. 

Bizzell, William Drew, Elizabeth town. 

Boyd, Robert Whitney, Waynesville. 

Brown, Fred, Red Spring's. 

Butler, Marion, a.b., 1885, t Elliott. 

Candler, Herschel Mahoney, Dillsboro. 

Carlton. Luther Montrose, \ Durham. 

Carr, Julian Shakspeare, Jr., /. is. 1899, t Durham. 

Christian, William Jasper, Jr., Durham. 

Cobb, John Walter, f Charlotte. 

Cole, Willis Westbrook, t Harpers. 

Cowan, Hileman Cicero, Webster. 

Coxe, Fred Jackson, ph.b., 1899, % Lilesville. 

DeLane, DeMos E., Orleans. 

Dunn, Thomas Jay, Davenport. 

English, Daniel Zion, Ecusta. 

Erwin, Marable, t Asheville. 

Eure, Nathaniel Lindsay, f Nashville. 

Ferguson, Garland Sevier, Jr., Waynesville. 

Garland, George W., Lexington. 

George. Henry Davis, t Cherryville. 

Gidney, Samuel Eleazar, t Shelby. 

Graham, Archibald McLean, f Wallace. 

Grantham, Elonzo Bowden, f Smithfield. 

Greenfield, John Mabry, Jr., A.B., 1899, Kernersville. 

Greer, Jackson, . Cronly. 

Hartman, Wiley V., | Advance. 

Hoey, Clyde Roark, f Shelby. 

Holmes, Alan Lancelot, + Bowmans Bluff. 
t At summer session only. 



1 



90 



STUDENTS 



Humber, George Hiram, Carthage. 

Johnston, Thomas Jackson, f Franklin. 

Jones, Thaddeus, Jr., Kenansville. 

Jones, William Branch, X Raleigh. 
Justice, Alfred Blythe, a.b., f 

(Greeneville and Tusculum College), 1893, Winton. 

Kirkpatrick, Thomas Leroy, Charlotte. [N. J. 

Koehler, Herman Jules, Upper Monte] air 

Little, Judge Elder, f Longs Store. 

Lloyd, James Barlow, t Tarboro. 

Long, Zebulon Vance, X Statesville. 

Lyon, Homer LeGrande. Elizabethtown. 

Lyon. Robert Henry, Elizabethtown. 

■' McCall, Joseph Herbert, t Marion. 

McCormick, John Gilchrist, A.B., 1898, % Maxton. 

McKay, Felix Murphy, Lillington. 

Mason, William Wallace, f Chapel Hill. 

Mauser, Raymond Joel, % Hickory. [Ala. 

Meekins, Jeremiah C, Jr., % Letohatchie, 
Miller, Bachman Brown, A.M., \ 

(North Carolina College), 1898, Bear Poplar. 

Nash, Marvin Wesley, J Washington. 

Newell, John Franklin, t Flows. 

Phifer, Isaac Avery, Morganton. 

Powell, Henry Thurman, Henderson. 

Reeves, Plato Vance, t Leicester. 

Roberson, William Stone, A.B., 1889, t Chapel Hill. 

Ruark, Robert, t Southport. 

Rucker, William Fanning, Rutherfordton. 

Russell, David Lester, Hickory. 

Sealer, Junius Irving, X Greensboro. 

Shaw, Duncan Preston, Lumber Bridge. 
Shipman, James Edward, Hendersonville. 

Smith, Daniel Wesley, t Polkton. 

Smith, Walter Douglas, J Linden. 

Spence, Joseph Albert, Charleston, S.C. 



STUDENTS IN MEDICINE 



91 



Spence, John Brantly, t Albemarle. 

Staton, Reuben Hilliard, Hendersonville. 

Tedder, Daniel Allen, f Charlotte. 

Thrower, John, t Red Springs. 

Tucker, Irving Burehard, Fair Bluff. 

Turlington, Zebulon Vance, X Benson. 

Van Winkle, Kingsland, Asheville. 

Williams, Hampton Durant, Kenansville. 

Wilson, William Sidney, ph.b., 1899, Gatewood. 

Woodson, Walter Henderson, S.B., 1896, t Salisbury. 

Wooten, Emmett Roberson, Kinston. 

Wooten, Marcellus, t Kinston. 

80 



Students in Medicine. 
Second Year. 



Atkins, Benjamin Thomas, 

Baggett, Fred, 

Barnes, Benjamin Franklin, 

Bellamy, Robert Haiilee, 

Brem, Walter Vernon, Jr., s.B., 1896, 

Cooke, Frederick Kingsbury, 

Duncan, Charles Lucus, 

Goley, William Ruffin, 

Lane, William Kilpatrick, 

Lawson, Robert Baker, 

McFadyen, Paul Rutherford, 

Paddison, John Robert, Jr., 

Peacock, James Walter, 

Underhill, Henry Plato, 



Troy. 

Lydia. 

Elm City. 

Wilmington. 

Charlotte. 

Louisburg. 

Beaufort. 

Durham. 

Goldsboro. 

Lynchburg. Va. 

Clarkton. 

Mt. Airy. 

Salisbury. 

Selma. 



First Year. 



Alston, Willis, Jr., 



Littleton. 



92 



STUDENTS 



Bornemann, John Henry, Jr., Wilmington. 

Boyles, Joseph Henry, Greensboro. 

Caldwell, Julius Alexander, Jr., s.B. 1899, Salisbury. 

Carr, John Robert, A.B. 1899, Durham. 

Gates, Alonzo Enoch, Swepsonville. 

Cowles, Henry Clay, Jr., Statesville. 

Craven, Willie Wilhelm, Bristow. 

DeCormis, Joe Lecenne, Shawboro. 

Edwards, Albert Dollie, Winston. 

Everhart, Walter Hollis, Arnold. 

Exum, Josiah Caull, Snow Hill. 

Graham, David Sloan, Charlotte. 

Hartley, Harold Hiram, Tyro Shops. 

Justice, Gaston Baley, Rutherfordton. 

Lilly, James Marshall, Allenton Ferry. 

Linville, William Clinton, Kernersville. 

Littlejohn, Richard Nickolls, Jr., Charlotte. 

Lynch, James Madison, Pair View. 

Lyon, Euel Harrison, Hester. 

MacNider, William DeBerniere, Chapel Hill. 

McPherson, Samuel Dace, Burlington. 

Murphy, John Gerald, Atkinson. 

Nichols, J. T., Barnard. 

Patterson, Charlie Ector, Liberty. 

Philips, Joseph Battle, Jr., Battleboro. 

Sawyer, Walter Wesley, Elizabeth City. 

Thigpen, Guy Franklin, Mildred. 

Vick, George Davis, A.B., 1899, Selma. 

Wright, Silas Gregory, Indian Town. 

44 



Students in Pharmacy. 
Second Year. 
Gray, Polk Cleburne, 



Mooresville. 



STUDENTS IK PHAEMACT 



93 



Koonce, John Edward, 
McKinnon, Murdock Hector, 
McKinnon, William Louis, 
Reed, Joel, Jr., 
Taylor, Frank Leonidas, 
Young, Cadmus Turner, 



Richlands. 
Red Springs. 
Red Springs. 
Concord. 
Oxford. 
Polenta. 



First Year. 



Cutchin, James Mack, Jr., 
Davenport, Peter Ernest, 
Eldridge. Julius, 
Few, Vernon, 
Hamilton, Robert Lee, 
Howerton, John Lansdell, 
McKay, Fred Walter, 
McNair, William Ralph, 
Perry, Joseph D., 
Phifer, Walton, 
Simpson, Charlie Newton, Jr., 
Singletary, Walter Oscar, 
Stone, William Edgar, 



Whitakers. 
Pactolus. 
Rome. 

Hendersonville. 
Smithfield. 
Durham. 
Norval. 
Henderson. 
Princeton. 
Morganton. 
Monroe. 
Grady. 
Chapel Hill. 
20 



SUMMARY. 



The College :— 
Graduates 
Undergraduates. 



26 



Course. 


Arts, 


Philosophy . 


Science, 


Letters. 


Seniors, 


22 


18 


9 


1 50 


Juniors, 


17 


20 


17 


1 55 


Sophomores, 


24 


28 


15 


67 


Freshmen, 


26 


55 


40 


121 




—89 


—121 


-81 


•> 



94 STUDENTS 

Year, Third, Second, First. 

Optional 
Students, 

12 19 21 52 

—371 
The Law School : — 

Second-Year Students, 3 

First-Year Students, 77 

—80 
The Medical School :— 

Second-Year Students, i4 

First- Year Students, 30 

—44 
The School of Pharmacy — 

Second-Year Students, 7 

First-Year Students, 13 

-20 

Whole number of students, 515 

Names inserted twice, 3 

512 

Summary by Counties. 
82 Counties in North Carolina are represented as follows : 



Orange, 


36 


New Hanover, 


14 


Mecklenburg, 


28 


Wayne, 


14 


Wake, 


21 


Guilford, 


13 


Forsyth, 


16 


Johnston, 


13 


Buncombe, 


15 


Sampson, 


13 




Robeson, 


11 




10 each, Alamance and Durham. 




9 each, Iredell, 


Moore, Nash and Rowan. 




8 each, Chatham, Cumberland, 


Pasquotank, Pitt. 




7 each, Halifax, 


Randolph, Wilson. 





SUMMARY 95 

6 each, Anson. Bladen, Cabarrus, Duplin, Franklin, Harnett, 
Henderson, Surry, Vance. 

5 each, Caldwell, Davidson, Edgecombe, Gaston, Haywood. 

4 each, Ashe, Beaufort, Burke, Catawba, Cleveland, Granville, 
Lincoln, Macon, Rutherford, Washington. 

3 each, Bertie, Caswell, Chowan, Columbus, Craven, Martin, 
Pender, Union. 

2 each, Brunswick, Camden, Carteret, Davie, Hertford, Jack- 
son, Madison, Montgomery, Perquimans, Stokes, Warren. 

1 each, Cherokee, Currituk, Gates, Greene, Lenoir, McDowell, 
Onslow, Person, Richmond, Rockingham, Scotland, Stanly, Tran- 
sylvania, Watauga, Yadkin. 

Total, 483 





Summary 


by States. 




North Carolina, 


483 


Kentucky, 


1 


South Carolina. 


9 


Massachusetts, 


1 


Georgia, 


5 


Mississippi, 


1 


Florida, 


3 


New Hampshire, 


1 


Virginia, 


2 


New Jersey, 


1 


New York, 


2 


Pennsylvania, 


1 


Alabama, 


1 


Tennessee, 


1 



Total, 512 



THE SUMMER SCHOOL (1899.) 



FACULTY 



EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., LL.D., President. 

MARCUS CICERO STEPHENS NOBLE, Superintendent and Pro- 
fessor of Pedagogy. 

JOSEPH AUSTIN HOLMES, S.B., {State Geologist), Lecturer on 
the Geology of North Carolina. 

WALTER DALLAM TOY, M.A., Professor of Modem Languages. 

CHARLES STAPLES MANGUM, A.B., M.D., Professor of Phys- 
iology. 

CHARLES BASKERVILLE, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chem- 
istry. 

HENRY FARRAR LINSCOTT, Ph.D., Professor of Latin. 

GEORGE McFARLAND McKIE, Instructor in Expression. 

ALEXANDER GRAHAM, A.M., Instructor in United States His- 
tory. 

EDWARD PEARSON MOSES, A.M., Instructor in Primary 
Work. 

PHILANDER PRIESTLY CLAXTON, A.M., Instructor in Ped- 
agogy. 

ERNEST PRESTON MANGUM, A.M., Instructor in Geography. 

GEORGE ADONIJAH GRIMSLEY, Instructor in English. 

JULIUS ISAAC FOUST, A.B., lnstrxictor in Mathematics. 

WILLIAM CHARLES ADAM HAMMEL, Instructor in Physics. 

R. R. REEDER, Instructor in Educational Psychology. 

JACQUES W. REDWAY, Instructor in Geography. 

W. S. CURRELL, Instructor in English. 

WICKLIFFE ROSE, Instructor in Theory and Practice of Teach- 
ing. 

ROBERT ERWIN COKER, S.M., Instructor in Biology. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 97 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 

Latin. 

Professor Linscott. 
1. Rapid reading- of Vergil. 2. Teachers' Course. The art of 
• reading Latin, syntax, pronunciation, prosody. 

Modern Languages. 

Professor Tot. 
1. Elementary German. Reading, exercises and composition. 
2. Elementary French. Reading, exercises and composi- 
tion. 3. Elementary Spanish. 

English. 

Messrs. Cukbell and Grimslet. 
1. English Grammar and Language. 2. The Literary Study of 
the Bible. 3. Lectures on Shakespeare with some review 
of the English drama before his time. 4. English litera- 
ture from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present time. 
5. Reading and composition. 

Psychology and Pedagogy. 

Messrs. Claxton, Rose and Reedbr, 
1. Psychology and principles of education. 2. The teaching of 
elementary subjects. 3. The Problem of Education. 
4. Science of Education. 

History. 

Mr. Graham. 
1 . History of the United States and of North Carolina. 

Mathematics. 

Professor Noble. 
1. Arithmetic. 2. Higher Arithmetic and Algebra. 



98 THE SUMMER SCHOOL 

Physics. 

Mr. Hammel. 
1. Elementary Course. Lectures with demonstrations. Con- 
struction of apparatus. 2. Grammar and High School 
course. Experiments. 

Chemistry. 

Associate Professor Baskbrvillb. 
1. A Graded School Course in Elementary Chemistry. 

Biology. 

Professor Mangtjm and Mr. Cokek. 
1. Botany. Introductory course. Practice and Method. 2. Zo- 
ology. Study of birds and insects. Illustration. 3. Phys- 
iology. Teachers' Course. 

Geology. 

Professor Hoxmbs and Messrs. Bbdwat and Mangtjm. 
1. Lectures on the Geology of North Carolina. 2. Geography. 
Lectures and illustrative lessons. 

Primary "Work. 

Mr. Moses. 
1. Methods in primary instruction. 

Sloyd. 

Mr. Hamhel. 
1. Twenty lessons in paper and card board folding. 

Educational Conferences. 

Each day there is a conference of the entire school for the dis- 
cussion of vital matters relating to the theory and practice of 



ADMISSION ASD KEGISTRATION 99 

teaching and to school administration. The superintendents of 
the city schools and other prominent educators lead in these dis- 
cussions. 

Lectures. 

A series of lectures is delivered by the Faculty, and by promi- 
nent speakers from abroad. 



CERTIFICATES. 

Every student in the Summer School who is not a member of 
another department of the University may receive a certificate of 
attendance and work satisfactorily completed. A student who is 
already a member of another department of the University, or a 
student who desires to enter another department, is credited for 
work done in the Summer School upon which he has passed a sat- 
isfactory examination. 

EXPENSES. 

The expenses of the Summer School for teachers are five dollars 
for tuition and one dollar for registration. A student in the Sum- 
mer School has no other fee to pay unless he take Chemistry in 
which there is a charge of two dollars for materials and breakage. 

ADMISSION AND REGISTRATION. 

The summer School begins on the Tuesday before the third 
Wednesday in June and ends on the second Friday in July. All 
persons desiring to be admitted are expected to present them- 
selves at 10 A. M., in Gerrard Hall, on the first day of the session. 



100 



THE SUMMER SCHOOL 



STUDENTS. 



Name. 
Abernethy, Claude Oliver, 
Abernethy, Eric Alonzo, 
Alderman, John Thomas, a.b., 
Alexander, Minnie Rebecca, a.b., 
Allen, Lizzie, 
Allen, Nettie Marvin, 
Alphin, Mrs. Amanda Humphrey, 
Barksdale, Bettie, 
Barnes, May, 
Battle, Susan Simms, 
Bates, Grace Harding, 
Bellamy, Lizzie, 
Blair, L. T., 

Boone, William H., ph.b., 
Borden, Mabel Moran, 
Bloom, Lester, 
Blount, Mary Perry, 
Bradsher, Eugenia, 
Breeze, Laura Letitia, 
Bridgers, Loulie, 

Brogden, Lautrec Cranmer, ph.b., 
Brooks, Julius Caesar, 
Brown, Mary Elizabeth, 
Buddin, Eva Covington, 
Burgess, Julia Elizabeth, 
Burke, Margaret Clement, 
Bur well, Fanny B., 
Cahoon, Joseph Johnson, 
Chadwick, Annie D., 
Chilton, Marion T., a.b., 
Clarkson, Sadie Caroline, 
Cleveland, Rev. Frederick Lewis, 
Cline, Constance Aldyth, 



Residence. 
Enfield. 
Chapel Hill. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Cowans Ford. 
Goldsboro. 
Kittrell. 
New Bern. 
Greenwood, S. 
Tarboro. 
Rocky Mount. 
Raleigh. 
Raleigh. 
Greensboro. 
Fair View. 
Goldsboro. 
Charlotte. 
Washington. 
Olive Hill. 
Nelson. 
Tarboro. 
Kinston. 
Marshville. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Gibson. 
Washington. 
Mocksville. 
Charlotte. 
Trinity. 
New Bern. 
Mizpah. 
Charlotte. 
Chapel Hill. 
Concord. 



STUDENTS 



101 



Cole, Marion, 

Cobb, Lucy Maria, 

Cobb, Lula May, 

Coon, Charles L., 

Crawford, Robert Baker, ph.b., 

Crutch fie Id, Carrie Lindsay, 

Crutchfield, Daisy Elizabeth, 

Currie, Rev. Daniel Johnson, a.m., 

Curtis, Cornelius Randolph, 

Cuthbertson, Minnie Agnes, 

Davis, Loula Jane, 

Deans, Iva, 

Denson, Claude Baker, Jr., A.B., 

Diamond, Abraham D., 

Donnelly, Bertha May, 

Donnell, Mrs. Lula, 

Donnelly, Margaret, 

Ector, Mollie Sam, 

Ellington, Jeannie Howell, 

Faison, Winifred, 

Farrior, Annie, 

Fleming, Belle, 

Fletcher, Roberson Smith, ph.b., 

Foust, Thomas Roswell, B.E., 

Fritz, Robert Lindsay, a.m., 

Fulghum, Susan, 

Gant, Jos. Erwin, 

George, Arthur Wesley, 

Graham, Maria Daniel, 

Grimes, Olivia Blount, 

(xuilford, Mary O., 

Hale, Mabel, 

Hall, Frank Price, a.m., 

Hammel, Mrs. William C. A., 

Hancock, Elizabeth Rebecca, 

Harper, S. Canary, 



Hillsboro. 

Harrells Store. 

Goldsboro. 

Charlotte. 

Winston. 

Winston. 

Winston. 

Chapel Hill. 

Liberty. 

Charlotte. 

Pioneer Mills. 

Wilson. 

Raleigh. 

Boston, Mass. 

Charlotte. 

Chapel Hill. 

Charlotte. 

Waynesville. 

Reidsville. 

Faison. 

Goldsboro. 

Raleigh. 

Gibson. 

New Bern. 

Charlotte. 

Goldsboro. 

Burlington. 

Harmony. 

Warrenton. 

Raleigh. 

Aurora. 

Raleigh. 

Belmont. 

Baltimore, Md. 

New Bern. 

Greensboro. 



102 



THE SUMMER SCHOOL 



Harris, Beatrice, 
Heath, Mollie Hall, 
Hicks, Mrs. A. A., 
Holland, Alice Eccles, 
Hicks, Winnifred Herring-, 
Horner, Nina, 
Howell, Harry, ph.b., 
Hutchison, Charlee, 
Ivey, Alice, 
Jamison, Lillie Hope, 
Jarvis, Annie Blackwell, 
Johnson, Lula, _ 
Johnston, Charles Hughes, A.B., 
Johnston, Elizabeth Morton, 
Jones, Alice Edward, 
Jones, Anne Catherine, 
Jones, Margaret Mordecai, 
Jordan, Lemmie McKenzie, 
Kennedy, Sidney, S.B., 
Kesselmire, Effie, 
Koonce, Charles Duffy, 
Lane, Benjamin Benson, A.B., 
Lane, William Cobb, A.B., 
Latta, James Edward, ph.b,, 
London, Henry Mauger, A.B., 
McAden, Ella, a.b., 
McAden, Frances Yancey, A.B., 
McClintock, Jaiaie Porter, 
McEachern, Julia Elizabeth, 
Mcintosh, Daniel McCrummen, 
McKimmon, Kate, 
McNairy, Carrie Louzene, 
McNider, George S., 
Mabry, Helen, 
Martin, Lucy Battle, 
Meade, Rev. W. T., D.D., 



Seaboard. 

New Bern. 

Oxford. 

Charlotte. 

Goldsboro. 

Oxford. 

Washington. 

Charlotte. 

Seven Springs. 

Mooresville. 

Washington. 

Durham. 

Chapel Hill. 

Chapel Hill. 

Goldsboro. 

Columbus, Ga. 

Hillsboro. 

Henderson. 

Kinston. 

Salem, Ohio. 

Gibson. 

Chapel Hill. 

Albemarle. 

Durham. 

Pittsboro. 

Charlotte. 

Charlotte. 

Charlotte. 

Lumber Bridge. 

Curriesville. 

Raleigh. 

Greensboro. 

Chapel Hill. 

Ridgeway. 

Davidson. 

Chapel Hill. 



STUDENTS 



103 



Miller, Emma Jane, a.b., 
Miller, Francis Wharton, 
Mills, James Edward, a.b.. 
Moody, Glennie, 
Myers, Mrs. L. W., 
Myers, Olivia Rodman, 
Nimocks, Carrie Graves, 
O'Daniel, Lottie, 
Osborne, Francis Moore, a.b., 
Parker, Emma, 
Parker, Lizzie Deems, 
Parker, Vergil Otis, a.b., 
Parrott, Hattie S., 
Parrott, Pattie May, 
Pittman, Annie Maie, 
Redford, Minnie, 
Russell, Rosa, 

Sams, Edward Emmett, PH.B., 
Saunders, Ellen Hale, 
Sheetz, Nannie D., 
Sherwood, Arthur Columbus, 
Sherwood. Mrs. Mary Bates, 
Sloan, James Harris, 
Smith. David Baird, PH.B., 
Smith, Lelia Mattie, 
Smith, Nannie Hill, 
Snipes, William Seaton, ph.b., 
Speight, Alice Marion, 
Spier, Etta, 

Staton, Sallie Baker, a.b.. 
Stephens, Kemp Battle, 
Stevens, Sallie Kennedy, 
Stone, Frances Warder, 
Strieker, Addie Clifton, 
Styron, Gabrielle, 
Sutphin, Rosa, 
7 



Charlotte. 

Winston. 

Camden, S. C. 

New Bern. 

Washing-ton. 

Washington. 

Fayette ville. 

Albertson. 

Charlotte. 

Hillsboro. 

Parkersburg. 

Smithfield. 

Kinston. 

Kinston. 

Whitakers. 

Evaleigh. 

Columbus, Ga. 

Mars Hill. 

West Durham. 

Winston. 

Yerger. 

Raleigh. 

Salisbury. 

Winston. 

Rich Square. 

Scotland Neck. 

Winston. 

Tarboro. 

Goldsboro. 

Tarboro. 

Chapel Hill. 

Goldsboro. 

Kentucky. 

Concord. 

Aurora. 

Burlington. 



104 



THE SUMMtSU SCHOOL 



Taylor, Robert King-, a.b., 

Thackston, J. W., 

Tinnin, Mary Irene, 

Thompson, D. Matt, A.B., 

Thompson, Sallie Vanderford, 

Tomlinson, Charles Fawcett, ph.b., 

Waitt, Ethel Reese, 

Waitt, Daisy Bailey, 

Wheeler, Mrs. Lizzie Little, 

White, Annie C, 

Whitener, R. Vance, A.B., 

Wike, William Dallas, 

Wilson, Rev. Nathan Hunt Daniel, A.B., 

Wilson, Thomas James, PH.D., 

Wilson, William Sidney, ph.b., 

Winston, Robert Alonza, 

Wiley, Mary Eleanor, 

Williford, Amoret, 

Wills, George Stockton, a.m., 

Young, Charlotte Anne, 



Wilson. 
New York. 
Hillsboro. 
Statesville. 
Chapel Hill. 
Raleigh. 
Winston. 
Raleigh. 
High Point. 
Greensboro. 
Hickory. 
Painter. 
Chapel Hill. 
Charlotte. 
Gatewood. 
Pranklinton. 
Charlotte. 
Columbus, Ga. 
Westminster, Md. 
Henderson. 
161 



THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 



OFFICERS. 



EBEN ALEXANDER, Ph.D.. LL.D., Supervisor. 
EDWARD KIDDER GRAHAM. Ph.B., Librarian. 
WILLIAMSON, EDWARD HEARN, Assistant. 
JOHN WETMORE HINSDALE, Assistant. 

The University Library numbers thirty thousand volumes and 
about twelve thousand pamphlets. It is arranged in twenty-two 
subdivisions, of which the following are the chief :— 

Reference, Literature and Languages, 

Political and Social Science. Mythology and Art, 

Science and Useful Ar.ts, Modern Languages, 

Poetry and Drama, Jurisprudence, 

Religion and Theology, Biography and Memoirs, 

Latin, Greek and Sanskrit. Education, 

Medicine and Hygiene, Fiction, 

History, Mathematics, 

Public Documents. 
The Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies have made a 
donation of their valuable collection of twenty thousand volumes 
to the Library, and provided for its perpetual endowment. The 
official title of the Library is now The Library of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina endowed by- the Dialectic and 
Philanthropic Literary Societies. 

The funds available for the increase of the Library are ex- 
pended semi-annually under the direction of the Supervisor, the 
Librarian and Library Committee, with special reference to the 
instruction given in the University. The annual increase from 
purchase, bequests and exchanges averages about two thousand 



106 THE UNIVERSI'IY LIBBABY 

volumes. The books are carefully arranged and catalogued by 
subject and author. 

Extensive improvements in the arrangement and administration 
of the Library have been made in the direction of better light, 
more room, and greater efficiency and comfort. The Librarian 
and his Assistants are in attendance to give help in any line of re- 
search or reading. The reading-room is supplied with the best 
foreign and American periodicals and the leading newspapers of 
the State and Nation. The students of the University are allowed 
access, under necessary limitations, to the book-shelves. The Li- 
brary and the Reading-room are open every weekday from 9 A. M. 
to 1 P. M., and from 2 to 5 P. M. 

The University acknowledges gifts to the Library during the 
past year from Eben Alexander, Charles Baskerville, Sir John 
Bourinot, J. S. Carr, J. S. Carr, Jr., C. C. Hockett, J. E. Ham- 
mond, Carter H. Harrison, W. S. and A. B. Heywood, L. D. 
Howell, W. B, Kendrick, C. W. Earned, J. C. MacRae, Louise 
Manly, C. H. Mebane, Mrs. F. W. Potter, P. J. Skieff, Anna G. 
Spencer, A. H. Strong, D. A. Tompkins, Mrs. Helen Wills, W. A. 
Withers, Gratz College, Peabody Institute, University of Minne- 
sota, Davidson College, Meadville Theological School, Editors of 
Hellenian, Smithsonian Institution, Phi Gamma Delta, Ipswick 
Historical Society, Lafayette Post of N. Y., Boston Unitarian 
Society, Union Club of N. Y., Superintendent of Documents of the 
United States, North Carolina Secretary of State, United States 
Government. United States Bureau of Education, United States 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, Commissioner of Labor, North Caro- 
lina Bar Association, and the publishers of American Economist, 
Asheville Citizen, Book Reviews, Caucasian, Christian Advocate, 
Christian Worker, Church Standard, Commonwealth, Davidson 
Monthly, Fairbrother's Farrago, Fayetteville Observer, Franklin 
Times, Guilford Collegian, Hartford Seminary Record, Home 
Rule, Homiletie Review, Journal (Winston), King's Weekly, 
Landmark, Living Church, Mascot, Messenger of Hope, Mission- 
ary Review, Money, Newton Enterprise, Norfolk Virginian, North 



THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 107 

Carolina Medical Journal, North Carolina Presbyterian, Patron 
and Gleaner, Presbyterian (Philadelphia), Protestant Episcopal 
Review. Smithfield Herald, Southern Medical Journal, State 
•Normal Magazine, Sunday School Times, Temple, Times-Demo- 
crat. Traveler's Record, Trinity Archive, Twin-City Sentinel, 
Wake Forest Student, Weekly Journal of Commerce and Com- 
mercial Bulletin. Wilmington Messenger, Wilson Advance, Zion's 
Landmark 

Acknowledgment is also made of a gift of one thousand dollars 
by Mr. Henry Weil, of Goldsboro, North Carolina. This sum has 
been expended for various improvements and for the purchase of 
books to be known as "The Henry Weil Collection in Political 
and Social Science." 



LABORATORIES AND MUSEUMS. 



THE PHYSICAL LABORATORY. 

JOSHUA WALKER GORE, C.E., Director and Professor of 

Physics. 
JAMES EDWARD LATTA, Ph.B., Assistant in Physics. 

The Physical Laboratory, consisting of three communicating- 
rooms, adjoins the lecture room on the first floor of the South 
Building. A small room connecting with the laboratory is fitted 
up for a workshop, being provided with lathes for wood and metal, 

and tools for repairing and making apparatus. The apparatus for 

I 

class-room illustration is kept in large cases in the lecture room. 

The members of the Junior Class are required to make a lim- 
ited number of experiments to familiarize themselves some- 
what with the methods of experimentation, to acquire facility in 
handling instruments of precision, and to cultivate the power of 
observation. 

The laboratory is quite well provided with instruments of pre- 
cision for electrical testing and measuring. The class in the ad- 
vanced course of electricity devote considerable time to such work. 
The equipment consists of dynamos, motors, galvanometers, elec- 
trometers, dynamometers, volt meters, ammeters, condensers, 
with their various accessories, secondary cells, standard cells, 
standard resisting coils, etc. 



THE CHEMICAL LABORATORY. 

FRANCIS PRESTON VENABLE, Ph.D., Director and Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry. 



THE CHEMICAL LABORATORY 109 

CHARLES BASKERVILLE, Ph.D.. Associate Professor of Chem- 
istry. 
THOMAS CLARKE. Ph.D., Instructor in Chemistry. 

The building formerly known as Person Hall is now used as the 
Chemical Laboratory. It has been greatly added to and forms a 
convenient and well-arranged system of laboratories. The rooms 
are eleven in number and contain about six thousand square feet 
of floor space. The pitch of the rooms is twenty feet, and they are 
lighted by numerous large windows, five feet by ten in size. 
Thus good ventillation and light are secured. 

There is a large lecture room with a seating capacity of one 
hundred and twenty-five. The sides and rear of the rooms have 
glass cases for the display of specimens. The room is lighted by 
electricity. In addition to its use as a lecture room, it is used as 
a place of meeting by the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 

Adjoining the lecture room, is the private laboratory of the Sen- 
ior Professor of Chemistry, and a smaller room for the storage of 
specimens. The west wing of the laboratory is divided into labor- 
atories for qualitative and quantitative analysis, furnishing desk- 
space for forty eight students and fifteen students respectively. 
These laboratories are provided with hoods for carrying off nox- 
ious gases. There is a small room also, cut off from the other la- 
boratories, in which dangerous or disagreeable experiments may be 
performed. 

The rear portion of the laboratory is almost a reproduction of 
the front in size and outline. It is divided into a balance room 
and library, a dark room for work with the polariscope and spec- 
troscope and for photography, an assay room provided with a set 
of gas furnaces, a laboratory for toxicological or other special 
work, and a storeroom. In the assay room is placed a large still, 
which provides an abundance of distilled water. 

The laboratories are supplied with gas and water. The expen- 
ditures for apparatus amount to about one thousand dollars annu- 
ally. 



110 LABORATORIES AND MUSEUMS 

THE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY AND MUSEUM 

HENRY van PETERS WILSON, Ph.D., Director and Pro- 
fessor of Biology. 
CLARENCE ALBERT SHORE, Assistant in Biology. 
DORMAN STEELE THOMPSON, Assistant in Biology. 
WILLIAM DeBERNIERE McNIDER, Assistant in Biology. 

The Biological Laboratoi-y occupies the upper floor of the New 
East Building, and includes a lecture-room, a main laboratory, two 
smaller laboratories for advanced students, a private workroom 
and a storeroom. The entire floor space is something over four 
thousand square feet. 

The general equipment is good, and is adapted to the needs of 
modern microscopical work, including compound and dissecting 
microscopes, microtomes, paratine and hot air baths, incubator, 
dissecting microscopes, camera lucidas, immersion lenses, etc. 
All rooms in the laboratory are supplied with running water. 
In addition to the sinks, there are several large aquarium tables 
in which living animals may be kept for breeding purposes, study 
of their habits or class work. 

The museum collections are arranged in cases in the main labor- 
atory. The marine fauna of the Atlantic coast is well represented. 
There are very serviceable collections of bird skins, bird eggs, in- 
sects, and flowering plants. Students engaged in advanced work 
have access to microscopic preparations, illustrating the anatomy 
and development of sponges and corals, the histology of medusae, 
the development of teleosts and other objects of morphological in- 
terest. The departmental library includes many valuable books 
of reference, treatises and zoological journals. 

THE GEOLOGICAL LABORATORY AND MUSEUM. 

COLLIER COBB, A.M., Director, and Professor of Geology and 

Mineralogy. 
GEORGE NELSON COFFEY, Assistant in Geology. 



T1IK GKOLOOICAL, LABORATORY AND MUSEUM 111 

The Geological Laboratory occupies the first floor of the New 
East Building. In addition to a lecture room with a seating capac- 
ity of about ninety students, there is a large laboratory supplied 
with working collections of minerals, rocks, and fossils, and with 
photographs, maps and models illustrating geological structure. 
The laboratory is furnished with two petrographical microscopes, 
and with, apparatus for the slicing and polishing of rocks. Micro- 
scopic slides have been made of most of the specimens from Xorth 
Carolina : and the department has, also, sections of the typical 
European rocks. Sections of the rocks round Chapel Hill, and 
the igneous rocks of the Boston Basin, made by the late Hunter 
Lee Harris, of the class of 1889 were given to the geological de- 
partment. 

The University possesses a collection of more than two thousand 
specimens of typical rocks and minerals from various European 
localities, and of large specimens of building stones, coals and va- 
rious products illustrating the economic geology of the State. 
These are arranged in an exhibition room of six hundred and fifty 
square feet of floor space. Here are kept also the sections taken 
with a diamond drill in the coal regions of Pennsylvania, in the 
region round King's Mountain, where the Summer School in Geol- 
ogy holds its sessions, in the Dan River coal fields and in the 
Triassic Rocks at Durham, N. C. A complete set of the ores of 
the precious metals found along the line of the Atchison, Topeka 
and Sante Fe Railroad has recently been added to the collection. 
Valuable additions have been made to the collections of fossils also, 
affording increased opportunity for laboratory work in historical 
geology and paleontology. The collection illustrating economic 
geology was largely increased by many fine specimens secured 
by Prof. Holmes from the Atlanta exhibition. 

The departmental library, which occupies a rooom adjoining 
the exhibition room, is supplied with State and United States Re- 
ports, the papers of working geologists, the best works upon geol- 
ogy, and scientific periodicals. 



THE GYMNASIUM. 



JAMES WILLIAM CALDER, Instructor in Physical Culture. 

Memorial Hall is used as the University Gymnasium, affording- a 
practically unlimited supply of air, light and space for all sorts of 
gymnastic exercises. Inside of the hall is a running track one 
twelfth of a mile long ; and there is an abundant supply of im- 
proved gymnastic apparatus. The general supervision of the 
Gymnasium is in the hands of a committee of two members of the 
Faculty, one of them being the physician of the University. Ex- 
ercise in- the Gymnasium is required three hours a week of all 
members of the College except Seniors. 

A thorough physical examination of each student is made in the 
fall and in the spring. The measurements are outlined on charts, 
to show the parts of the body below the normal development, for 
which special evercises suited to the health and physical condi- 
tion of the individual are suggested. Three indoor athletic and 
gymnastic contests are also held, during December, January and 
February. 

Outdoor sports are encouraged as being beneficial to the stu- 
dents, and very helpful in the discipline of college life. An ath- 
letic field has been enclosed and improved by the generosity of 
the Alumni. It affords ample room for football and baseball 
The Lake Running Track, one sixth of a mile long with a hundred 
yard dash, has recently been added to the athletic equipment of 
the University by the generosity of Mr. Henry Steers Lake of the 
Class of 1898. It affords fine facilities for all sorts of track ath- 
letics. 



THE UNIVERSITY ORGANIZATIONS. 



THE DIALECTIC AND PHILANTHROPIC LITERARY 
SOCIETIES. 

The Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies were organ- 
ized in 1795, the year of the opening of the University. Their ex- 
istence has been inseparably linked with that cf the University, 
and they have shown remarkable power in developing character 
as well as in training the intellect. They offer facilities for prac- 
tice in debate, oratory, declamation and essay writing ; and their 
members become practically familiar with parliamentary law and 
usage. 

Each society owns a large handsomely furnished hall, the walls 
of which are hung with oil portraits of illustrious members. 
Meetings are held by each society every Saturday night during 
the college year, admission being confined to members. Public 
contests in debate between the two societies are conducted twice a 
year. During commencement week, each society holds its own 
annual festival, upon which occasion medals are awarded for ex- 
cellence in debate, oratory, declamation and essay writing. On 
Monday night preceding Commencement, four representatives 
elected from the two societies have a public competition in debate, 
and a prize is awarded to the successful competitors. 

By immemorial custom, students from the eastern half of the 
State usually join the Philanthropic Society, while those from the 
western half join the Dialectic Society. Although membership in 
the societies is entirely optional, yet it is earnestly recommended 
by the Faculty as furnishing unusual opportunities not only for 
literary culture, but also for the development of self-control and 
the power to persuade and control others. 



114 THE UNIVERSITY ORGANIZATIONS 

THE PHILOLOGICAL CLUB. 

Thomas Hume, D.D., LL.D., President. 

Henry Farrar Linscott, Ph.D., Vice President. 

Samuel May, A.B., Secretary and Treasurer. 
The Philological Club meets on the last Tuesday night of each 
month during the College year except December and Mav. Its 
membership consists of the instructors and advanced students in 
the language departments of the University. The object of the 
club is to stimulate original investigation in philology and litera- 
ture, and to afford an opportunity for the interchange of views on 
subjects relating to such work. At each meeting- papers are read 
and discussed. All persons interested in the work of the club are 
invited to attend its meetings. 

THE SHAKSPEBE CLTJB. 

Thomas Hume, D.D., LL.D., President. 

Henry Farrar Linscott, Ph.D., Vice President. 

George McFarland McKie, Secretary. 

Alfred Rieves Berkeley, Treasurer. 
The Shakspere Club was organized in October, 1895, for the 
special purpose of giving impulse and guidance to scholarly inves- 
tigation of the great dramatist. But an important aim was to of- 
fer opportunity for comparative studies in the dramatic literature 
of ancient and foreign languages, and also to excite interest in the 
art of literary composition. Seminary methods are pursued by 
advanced students, and the results are presented in papers. The 
club has a small but valuable collection of special reference books. 

THE NOBTH CABOLINA HISTOBICAL SOCIETY. 

Kemp Plummer Battle, LL.D., President. 
Edwin Anderson Alderman, D.C.L., LL.D., Vice Pres- 
cient. 



THE ELI8HA MITCHELL SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY 115 

Augustus Henry Jarratt. Secretary. 
The North Carolina Historical Society was founded in 1842 by 
the Hon. David L. Swain, L.L.D., President of the University. 
Under his leadeship it became the center of historical work in 
the State and the medium of many notable contributions to Sta:e 
history. On March 22, 1875, through the activity of Dr. Battle, 
the Society was charted by an Act of the General Assembly. The 
purpose of the Society is to collect, classify, investigate and pub- 
lish material illustrative of the history of the State. The Histori- 
cal Society possesses a valuable collection of books, pamphlets, 
manuscripts, newspaper files, coins and other objects of historic 
interest. The educational aim of the society is to create a love of 
historical study and to give training in scientific methods of his- 
torical investigation. To this end meetings are held monthly in 
the historical lecture room, at which papers, based on original 
research, are read and discussed. All members of the University 
are eligible to membership. 

THE ELISHA MITCHELL SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY. 

William Cain, C.E., President. 

Chares Staples Mangum, A.B., M.D., Vice President. 

Francis Preston Venable, Ph.D., Permanent Secretary 
and Treasurer. 

Charles Baskerville, Ph.D.. Corresponding Secretary. 
The Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society holds monthly meetings 
during the college year for the discussion of Scientific subjects. 
A journal is issued semiannually. The object of the Society is to 
encourage scientifiic research and to record such matters as per- 
tain to the natural history of the State. The membership is at 
present restricted to the Faculty and students of the University. 

At the monthly meetings, which are ordinarily held on the 
second Tuesday of each month, excellent opportunities are afford- 
ed the students to get beyond the ordinary routine of the class 
room by hearing, reading and discussing papers on scientific sub- 
jects. 



116 THE UNIVERSITY ORGANIZATIONS 

The Journal is in a measure a bulletin of the scientific labor- 
atories of the University, and contains many articles written by 
students. It is now in the fourteenth year. The volumes already 
issued contain over twelve hundred pages. By the exchange of 
the Journal with over three hundred scientific journals and peri- 
odicals, ten thousand books and pamphlets have been collected, 
all of which are arranged in the University Library. 

THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 

Francis Moore Osborne, A.B., President. 

Thomas Jefferson Hill, Vice President. 

Jasper Sidney Atkinson, Becording Secretary. 

Charles Edward Maddry, Treasurer. 
The Young Men's Christian Association is a voluntary organiza- 
tion of the students in the University, and is entirely under their 
management. The Faculty are in sympathy with the Association, 
and render service whenever requested to do so. 

The object of the Association is to promote growth in grace and 
Christian fellowship among its members and aggressive Christian 
work among the students. To this end one or more meetings are 
held every week. Every fifth week the service is taken up with 
the discussion of missionary work. Three Bible classes are de- 
voted to personal work, devotional, topical and historical study, 
and the life and teachings of Christ. In addition to these classes, 
Professor Battle delivers a half-hour lecture each Sunday morn- 
ing on the historical aspect of the Bible. An efficient committee 
look after the welfare of the sick in the University and see that 
they lack no comfort nor convenience. 

A vigorous movement is on foot to raise ten thousand dollars for 
a Y. M. C. A. building. Nearly this amount has already been sub- 
scribed by the students and by others interested in the work. It 
is now hoped that the building will be erected during the coming 
year. 

On some Saturday evening near the opening of the College 
year, the Association gives its annual reception to students enter- 
ing the University. 



ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTH COM- 
MENCEMENT (1899). 



MAY 28, BACCALAUREATE SERMON 

Rt. Reverend Hugh Miller Thompson, D.D. 

MAY 29. 

Orations by Representatives prom the Dialectic and 
Philanthropic Literary Societies. 
Dialectic Society. Philanthropic Society. 

George Nelson Coffey, David Preston Parker, 

Alfred Rieves Berkeley, Allen Johnson Barwick, 

Thomas Tillett Allison, Needham Erastus Ward. 

Faculty Reception in Commons Hall. 
MAY 30, COMMENCEMENT. 

Senior Speaking. 

Thomas Contee Bowie, John Mabry Greenfield, Jr., 

Robert Diggs Wimberly Conner, James Edward Latta, 
Thomas Gilbert Pearson. 

Address by Nicholas Murrray Butler, Ph.D. 

DEGREES. 

In Course. 

Bachelor of Arts. 

Charles Skinner Alston, Henry Patrick Harding, 

Edward Stephenson Askew, Joseph Henry Hewitt, 



118 



DEGBEE8 



Marsden Bellamy, Jr., 
Charles Connor Brown. 
Cameron Belo Buxton. 
John Robert Carr, 
Julian Shakespeare Carr. Jr.. 
Francis William Coker, 
William Edward Coxe, 
Walter Scott Crawford, 
Claude Baker Denson, Jr., 
John Donnelly, 
Jesse Knight Dozier. 
John Mabry Greenfield, Jr.. 
Junius Daniel Grimes, 



Howard Braxton Holmes, 
Virgil Laurens Jones. 
Warren Lawson Kluttz, Jr., 
Edward Mayo Land, 
Benjamin Benson Lane, Jr.. 
Henry Mauger London, 
John McLauchlin McFadyen. 
Francis Moore Osborne, 
Joseph Murden Sitterson, Jr. 
George Davis Vick, 
Han'y Legare - Watson, 
Louis Round Wilson. 
Farnest Horatio AYoodson. 



Bachelor of Philosophy. 

Thomas Contee Bowie. Charles Foust Harris, 

Edgar David Broadhurst, Eugene Fuller Hartley, 

Charles Stafford Canada, Robert Gilliam Kittrell. 

Robert Diggs Wimberly. Connor, James Edward Latta, 

Fred Jackson Cox, Henry McGilbert Wagstaff. 

Blanford Barnard Dougherty, William Sidney Wilson. 

Bachelor of Science. 



James Philips Bunn, 
Julius Alexander Caldwell, Jr.. 
Everett Augustine Lockett, 
Alexander Clinton Miller, 



Edmund Vogler Patterson. 
Thomas Gilbert Pearson, 
Samuel Watson Reaves. 
Edward Jenner Wood. 



Bachelor of Laws. 
Thomas Davis Warren. 

Graduate in Pharmacy. 



Charles Dayton Gruver, 
Thomas William Kendrick, 



Charles Henry Smith, 
David Clai-ence Swindell. 



MEDALS AND PRIZES 119 



Master of Arts. 



Katharine Cecilia Ahern, a.b., (Smith College) 1898. 

Archibald Henderson, A.B., 1898. 

William Johnston Horney, a.b., 1897. 

Mary Pearson Kendrick, a.b., (Smith College) 1898. 

CERTIFICATES. 

Greek : Virgil Laurens Jones, Mary Pearson Kendrick. 

Latin : Henry Patrick Harding, Virgil Laurens Jones, Claude 
Baker Denson. Jr. 

German : Katharine Cecilia Ahern. 

French : Claude Baker Denson, Jr. 

English : Charles Connor Brown. John Donnelly, Charles 
Poust Harris, Joseph Henry Hewitt, Howard Bi-axton Holmes 
Bessie Lewis Whitaker. 

History: Edgar David Broadhurst, Charles Connor Brown, 
Fred Jackson Coxe, Henry Patrick Harding, Robert Gilliam Kit- 
trell, Henry Mauger London. 

Physics : James Edward Latta. 

Mathematics : Walter Scott Crawford, Joseph Henry Hewitt, 
Robert Franklin Jenkins, Ernest Horatio Woodson. 

Chemistry : Edmund Vogler Patterson. 

MEDALS AND PRIZES. 

The Holt Medal : Charles Whitehead Woodson. 
The Hume Medal : Louis Round Wilson. 
The Mangum Medal : Thomas Contee Bowie. 
The Representatives' Medal : George Nelson Coffey. 
The Harris Prize: Walter Vernon Brem, Jr., 
The Worth Prize : Francis William Coker. 
The Greek Prize: Philip Hall Busbee, Milton Mcintosh. 
The Early English Text Society Prize: John William 
Canada. 



THE ASSOCIATION OF THE ALUMNI 



THE GENERAL ASSOCIATION. 

Thomas S. Kenan, President. 

Henry A. London, Secretary. 

Eugene L. Harris, Treasurer. 
The membership includes all persons who have matriculated at 
the University of North Carolina in all departments except the 
Summer School and all who are or have been officers-of the insti- 
tution. 

An effort is now making to accomplish a more thorough organi- 
zation of the Alumni. The desire is that the individual alumni 
shall form into Local Alumni Associations in every community. 
These Local Associations are to form by proportional representa- 
tion the General Association of the Alumni. The meeting of the 
General Association will be held in Gerrard Hall at the Univer- 
sity at the next Commencement in June, 1900. At this meeting 
the plan of organization will be discussed and voted on by the del- 
egates. It is hoped that every alumnus will concern himself in 
assisting the organization in his county or town. A printed state- 
ment of the plan of reorganization has been prepared and will be 
supplied on request. Inquiries should be directed to Mr. E. K. 
Graham, Secretary of the Alumni, Chapel Hill, N. C. 



SUMMARY. 



Boards of Government and Instruction, and Other Officers. 

Trustees 80 

Faculty — - — -.. 20 

Instructors _ 7 

Assistants — ~— __ 8 

35 

Summer School Faculty _ 20 

Preachers to the University 5 

Other Officers - 5 

Students. 
The College :— 

Graduate Students — _ 26 

Senior Class. _. .. .— 50 

Junior Class — 55 

Sophomore Class.. — 67 

Freshman Class — — _ 121 

Optional Students - 52 



The Law School :— 
Second-Year Students 
First- Year Students __ 



-371 



44 



80 

The Medical School:— 

Second-Year Students — _ _ 14 

First- Year Students 30 

The School of Pharmacy :— 

Second-Year Students 7 

First-Year Students 13 

20 

The Summer School 161 

Whole number of Students „ 676 

Names inserted twice.-.- 18 

658 



INDEX. 



Absences, 57. 

Admission of Optional Students, 23. 
Women, 48. 
to Advanced Standing, 22. 
( 'ollege. 20. 
Law School, 66. 
Medical School, 73. 
School of I'harmacy, 76. 
Summer School. 99. 
Aid. Pecuniary, 49. 
Alumni Associations. 121. 
Anglo Saxon. Courses in, 33, 34. 
Assignment of Rooms, 55. 
Athletic Sports, 10, 60. 
Bachelor's Degree. See Degree. 
The Biological Laboratory 110 
Biology, Courses in, 41. 98. 
Board. See Expenses. 
Calendar, 6. 

Candidacy for Advanced Degrees, 46. 
Certificates, in College. 62, 119. 

Summer School 99. 
Chapel Exercises, 11. 
Charter of the University, 7. 
Chemical Laboratory, 108 
Chemistry, Courses in, 39. 99. 
Christian' Association. 116. 
Classical Philology, Courses in, 30. 
College, 20. 

Admission to. 20. 
Expenses, 52. 
Registration. 55. 
Scholarships. 56. 
Tear, 10 
Commencement, 10. 

Parts, 56. 
Committees, of Faculty, 18. . 

Trustees, 14. 
Conditions. Examinations for the Re- 
moval of, 60 
Conduct. 62. 

Conferences. Educational, 98. 
Contents. Table of, 3 
Courses for Students not Candidates 

for a Degree, 52. 
Courses leading to Degrees, 27. 
Bachelor of Arts, 24. 
Laws, 65. 
Philosophy, 25. 
Science, 26. 
Courses of Instruction See Greek, etc 
( 'ulture, General, 11. 
Physical, 10. 
Religious. 11. 
Degree of Bachelor of Arts, 10, 20. 24. 
Bachelor of Laws, 10, 65, 25. 
Bachelor of Philosophy, 10, 21. 
Bachelor of Science, 10. 21, 26. 
Doctor of Philosophy, 10, 47. 
Master of Arts, 10, 46, 



Master of Science, 10, 47. 
Degrees Confered in 1899. 117. 
With Distinction, 62. 
Dialectic Literary Society, 113. 
Discipline, 11. 

Doctor of Philosophy, 10, 47. 
Dormitory Accommodations. 54. 
Education. History and Philosophy of, 

See Pedagogy. 
Educational < onferences, 98. 
Elective Studies, 24 
Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 115. 
English, Courses in, 33, 97. 
for Admission, 20. 
Prizes in, 49. 
Equipment of the University, 9. 
Examinations for Admission. See Ad- 
mission. 
Examinations for the Removal of Condi- 
tions, 60. 
Expenses, College, 52. 

Law School, 66. 
Medical School, 73. 
School of Pharmacy, 76. 
Summer School, 99. 
Faculty, ( 'ollege, 15. 

Law School, 63. 
Medical School, 68. 
School of Pharmacy, 74. 
Summer School. 96. 
University, 15. 
Fees. See Expenses. 
Fraternities, 61. 
Free Tuition. 51. 
French, Courses in, 32. 97. 
Geological Laboratory, 110. 
Geology and Mineralogy. Courses in, 42. 
98. 

Prize in, 49. 
Summer Courses in, 
43.98 
German. Courses in, 31, 97 
Government of the University, 7. 
Grades of Scholarship. 56. 
Graduate Students, 46. 

Admission of, 46. 
Degrees, 46. 
Graduation, 61 
Greek, < 'ourses in. 28. 

for Admission. 20. 
Prize in. 50. 
Gymnasium, 112. 
History, Courses in, 35, 97. 

Prize in. 49. 
History and Philosophy of Education. 

See Pedagogy. 
Holidays, 10. 
Infirmary, 10. 

Instruction, Courses of. See Greek. 
Latin, etc. 



123 



Laboratory. Biological. 110. 
Chemical. 108. 
Geological. 110. 
Physics, 108. 
Latin, Courses in. 29, 97. 
for Admission. 20. 
Law School, 63. 

Admission, 6C. 
Courses of Instruction, 63. 
Degree of LL.B-, 65. 
Expenses. 66. 
Faculty, 65. 
Moot < ; ourt. 65. 
Pecuniary Aid, 66. 
Piegistration. 66. 
students, 88. 
Summer School. 67. 
Library. University. 105. 
Literary Societies. 113. 
Loan Funds. 52. 
Location of the University, 9. 
Master's Degree. See Degree. 
Mathematics. Courses in, 37, 97. 
for Admission, 20. 
Prize in, 49. 
Medals, 49. 119. 
Medical Attention. 11. 
Medical School, 74. 

Admission, 72. 
Courses of Instruc 

tion, 68. 
Expenses, 73. 
Faculty, 68 
Pecuniary Aid, 73. 
Registration. 73. 
Students, 91. 
Mental and Moral Science. See Philos 

ophy. 
Metaphysics. See Philosophy. 
Mineralogy See Geology. 
Modern Languages. See German, etc. 
Natural Philosophy. See Physics. 
North Carolina Historical Societv, 114 
Optional Students, 87. 

Admission. 23. 
Organizations of the University, 113 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific 

society. 115. 
North Carolina Historical 

Society, 114. 
Philological Club. 114. 
shakespere Hub, 114. 
Young Men's Christian 
Association, 116. 
Pecuniary Aid. in College. 49. 

Law School, 66. 
Medical School, 73. 
Pedagogy, ( 'ourses in, 44, 97. 

Prize in, 50. 
Philanthropic Literary Society. 113. 
Philological club. 114. 
Philosophy, (.'ourses in. 34. 

Prize in, 50. 
Physical Culture. 10. 
Physical Laboratory, 108. 
Physics. Courses in.' 38, 98. 
P< litical and Social Science. Courses 
in, 36. 



Political Economy. See Political and 

Social Science. 
Prizes. 49. 
Registration, in College, 55. 

Law School, 66. 
Medical School, 73. 
School of Pharmacy 

76. 
Summer School, 99. 
Regulations Regarding Students, 55. 
Religious Cultnre, 11. 
Romance Languages, Courses in, 32. 
Rooms. Assignment of. 55. 
Scholarship, Grades of, 56. 
Scholarships, 50. 
School of Pharmacy, 74. 

Admission, 76. 
Courses of In- 
struction, 74. 
Expenses, 76. 
Faculty, 74. 
Registration, 76. 
Shakespere Club. 114. 
Social Science. See Political and So- 
cial Science. 
Societies. See Organizations. 
Spanish. Courses in. 32. 
Students not Candidates for a Degree, 
10. 

College, 78. 
Graduate, 10,46, 77. 
Law School, 88. 
Medical School. 91. 
Optional, 67, 87. 
Summer School, 
100. 
Stitdies. See Greek. Latin, etc. 
Summary. 93. 
Slimmer School, 96. 

Admission, 99. 
Certificates. 99. 
Courses of Instruc- 
tion, 97. 
Educational Confer- 
ences, 98. 
Expenses, 99. 
Faculty, 96. 
Registration, 99. 
Students, 100. 
Trustees. 12. 
Tuition Fee, in College, 53. 

Law School, 66. 
Medical School, 73. 
School of Pharmacy, 

76. 
Summer School, 99. 
Tuition Fee, 51. 
University Library, 105. 

Organizations. See 
Organizations. 
Vacations, 6, 10. 
Women, Admission of, 10, 48. 
Worship. 11. 
Year, College, 10. 

Young Men's Christian Association. 
11, 116.